Which one of the following statement is false in respect of flowering plants?

1. Parthenocarpy can be induced through the application of growth hormones
2. Integuments encircle the ovule except at the tip where a small opening called the germ pore is organized
3. Endosperm development precedes embryo development
4. Apomicts have several advantages in horticulture and agriculture

Concept Questions :-

Pistil: Ovule
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Difficulty Level:


To form four fully developed Polygonum type of embryosacs in angiosperms total number of meiosis and mitosis divisions generations required are :-

1. 4, 12

2. 1, 3

3. 4, 4

4. 1, 12

Concept Questions :-

Pistil: Female Gametophyte
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Difficulty Level:


Megaspore mother cell differentiates from

1. Nucellus in the micropylar region.

2. Nucellus in the chalazal region.

3. Primary parietal cell in chalazal region.

4. Integument cell in micropylar region.

Concept Questions :-

Pistil: Female Gametophyte
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Difficulty Level:


Pollen tube releases the two male gamete into the:
(a) One male gamete in cytoplasm of synergids and other in cytoplasm of central cell
(b) Both in cytoplasm of central cell
(c) Cytoplasm of Antipodal cell
(d) Both in cytoplasm of synergids

Concept Questions :-

Double Fertilization
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Difficulty Level:


Pollen tube, after reaching the ovary, does not show following event:
(a) Enters the ovule through the micropyle
(b) May enter the ovule through chalaza
(c) Enters one of the synergid through filiform apparatus
(d) Chemotactic movement of pollen tube towards synergid

Concept Questions :-

Stamen: Male Gametophyte
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Megasporangium is equivalent to:

(a) Embryo sac      (b) Fruit                (c) Nucellus           (d) Ovule

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Difficulty Level:


Both, autogamy and geitonogamy are prevented in:

(a) Papaya            (b) Cucumber        (c) Castor              (d) Maize

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Active research is going on in many laboratories around the world to understand the genetics of apomixis. What is the purpose of such active research?
(a) Hybrid plants are directly formed by apomixis
(b) Apomixis is the method to produce seed without fertilization
(c) To transfer apomictic genes into hybrid varieties which will prevent loss of hybrid vigour with successive years
(d) Apomixis produces genetically different individuals

Concept Questions :-

Apomixis & Polyembryony
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Difficulty Level:


Hybrid seeds have to be produced every year because:
(a) Hybrid plants become sterile in coming years
(b) They show more heterosis in coming years
(c) Hybrid vigour is not maintained beyond one generation as segregation of genes begins in the second generation
(d) Hybrid seed industry tends to increase cost of the seeds

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Which of the following statements is false?
(a) Some 2000 years old viable seeds of Pheonix dactylifera were discovered during archaeological excavation of King Herod's palace near Dead Sea
(b) Record of 10,000 years of dormancy of seeds has been estimated in Lupinus arcticus
(c) The number of seeds in each fruit in case of orchid and some parasitic forms like Orobanche and Striga is one
(d) Many fruits have evolved mechanisms for dispersal of seeds

Concept Questions :-

Apomixis & Polyembryony
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Difficulty Level: