Work done in the reversible adiabatic process is given by:

(1) 2.303 RT log (V2/V1)                     

(2)nR (γ-1)(T2-T1)

(3) 2.303 RT log(V1/V2)                     

(4) none of these

Concept Questions :-

2nd Law and work done
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Change in enthalpy for reaction,

2H2O2(l) 2H2O(l) + O2(g)

if the heat of formation of H2O2(l) and H2O(l) are -188 and -286 kJ/mol respectively is           

(1) -196 kJ/mol             

(2) + 196 kJ/mol

(3) +948 kJ/mol             

(4) -948 kJ/mol

Concept Questions :-

Enthalpy and Internal energy
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One mole of a non-ideal gas undergoes a change of state (2.0 atm, 3.0 L, 95 K)(4.0 atm, 5.0 L, 245 K) with a change in internal energy, U = 30.0 L atm. The change in enthalpy (H) of the process in L atm is:

(1) 40.0

(2) 42.3

(3) 44.0

(4) not defined, because pressure is not constant

Concept Questions :-

First Law of Thermodynamics
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At absolute zero, the entropy of a perfect crystal is zero. This is........... of thermodynamics.

(1) the first law               

(2) second law

(3) third law             

(4) none of these

Concept Questions :-

Spontaneity and Entropy
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At constant pressure and temperature, the direction of any chemical reaction is one where the...... decrease.

(1) entropy               

(2) enthalpy

(3) Gibbs energy       

(4) none of these

Concept Questions :-

Gibbs Energy Change
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The work done by a mass less piston in causing an expansion V (at constant temperature), when the opposing pressure, P is variable, is given by:

(1) W= -PV               

(2) W=0

(3) W= -PV                     

(4) none of these

Concept Questions :-

2nd Law and work done
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Entropy decreases during:

(1) crystallization of sucrose from solution

(2) rusting of iron

(3) melting of ice

(4) vaporization of camphor

Concept Questions :-

Spontaneity and Entropy
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Entropy change of vaporization at constant pressure is given by:

1. S(v)= HvT

2. S(v)=UvT

3. S(v)= HvP

4. None of these

Concept Questions :-

Spontaneity and Entropy
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What is the entropy change for the reaction given below, 

2H2 (g) + O2 (g) 2H2O(l)

at temperature 300 K? Standard entropies of H2 (g), O2(g) and H2O(l) are 126.6, 201.20 and 68.0 JK-1mol-1 respectively.

(1) -318.4 JK-1mol-1                           .

(2) 318.4 JK-1mol-1 

(3) 31.84 JK-1mol-1                             

(4) none of these

Concept Questions :-

Spontaneity and Entropy
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If S° for H2, Cl2 and HCl are 0.13, 0.22 and 0.19 kJ K-1mol-1 respectively. The total change in standard entropy for the reaction, H2 + Cl2 2HCl is:

(1) 30 J K-1mol-1                         

(2) 40 J K-1mol-1

(3) 60 J K-1mol-1                         

(4) 20 J K-1mol-1

Concept Questions :-

Spontaneity and Entropy
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Difficulty Level: