NEET Syllabus – 2019, 2020 – Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany & Zoology)

The vastness of the NEET 2019 2020 syllabus only means that we begin by enumerating the entirety of it. Let’s begin with:

Physics Syllabus

Class 11Class 12
 Physical World and MeasurementElectrostatics
KinematicsCurrent Electricity
Laws of MotionMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Work, Energy and PowerElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid BodyElectromagnetic Waves
GravitationOptics
Properties of Bulk MatterDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
ThermodynamicsAtoms and Nuclei
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic TheoryElectronic Devices
Oscillations and Waves

Chemistry Syllabus

Class 11Class 12
Some Basic Concepts of ChemistrySolid state
Structure of AtomSolutions
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesElectrochemistry
Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureChemical Kinetics
States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsSurface Chemistry
ThermodynamicsGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Equilibriump-Block elements
Redox Reactionsd and f Block Elements
HydrogenCoordination Compounds
s-Block ElementsHaloalkanes and Haloarenes
Some p-Block ElementsAlcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
HydrocarbonsOrganic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Environmental ChemistryBiomolecules
Polymers
Chemistry in Everyday Life

Biology Syllabus

Class 11Class 12
Diversity in Living WorldReproduction
Structural Organization in Animals and PlantGenetics and Evolution
Cell Structure and FunctionBiology and Human Welfare
Plant PhysiologyBiotechnology and its Applications
Human PhysiologyEcology and Environment

Most Important Chapters and Topic-wise Distribution of Questions

Familiarization is the first step towards fulfillment of all aims. So, let’s begin by familiarizing you with the topic-wise hierarchy of the three subjects:

Physics

Physics is often the toughest of all three sections. As such, through detailed analysis of multiple question papers of NEET since 2008, important chapters of physics have been laid out along with an approximate number of questions to be expected from different chapters:

ThemesTopicsNo. of Questions to be Expected
MECHANICSUnits and Measurements1
Motion in 1D1
Motion in 2D2
Laws of Motion2
Work, Energy, and Power2
Rotational Motion3
Gravitation2
PROPERTIES OF BULK MATTER AND HEATSolids1
Fluids1
Thermal Properties2
Kinetic Theory of Gases1
Thermodynamics2
MECHANICSOscillations2
Waves2
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISMElectric Charges and Fields2
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance2
Current Electricity3
Moving Charges and Magnetism3
Magnetism and Matter1
Electromagnetic Induction1
Alternating Current2
Electromagnetic Waves1
OPTICS AND MODERN PHYSICSRay Optics3
Wave Optics1
Dual nature of Matter and Radiation2
Atom1
Nuclei2
Semiconductor Electronics2

Overall, the physics section will be divided into 4 major themes:

ThemesNo. of Questions to be Expected
Mechanics15
Optics and Modern Physics10
Electricity and Magnetism13
Properties of Bulk matters and Heat (Others)7
Total45

Chemistry

Through detailed analysis of multiple question papers of NEET since 2006, important chapters of chemistry have been laid out along with an approximate number of questions to be expected from different chapters:

TopicsNo. of Questions to be Expected
FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY (MOST IMPORTANT)Basic concepts of Chemistry1
Structure of Atom2
Periodic Table2
Chemical Bonding4
States of Matter1
Thermodynamics2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGEquilibrium4
Redox Reactions1
Hydrogen1
S-Block elements1
P-Block elements1
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGBasics of Organic Chemistry5
Hydrocarbons1
Environmental Chemistry
 MUST READ/HEAVY READINGSolid State2
Solutions2
Electro Chemistry2
Chemical Kinetics2
Surface Chemistry1
p-Block Elements2
D & f Block Elements2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGCoordination Compounds3
Metallurgy1
Haloalkanes & Haloarenes1
Alcohol, Phenols & Ethers1
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGAldehydes, Ketones & Carboxylic Acids2
Amines1
Polymers1
Biomolecules2
Chemistry in Everyday life1

Biology

Through detailed analysis of multiple question papers of NEET since 2006, important chapters of biology have been laid out along with an approximate number of questions to be expected from different chapters:

TopicsNo. of Questions Expected
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGLiving World1
Biological Classification4
Plant Kingdom3
1 Morphology of Flowering Plants4
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGCell: Unit of Life 4
Cell Cycle and Cell Division 2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGTransport in Plants1
Mineral Nutrition2
Photosynthesis 2
Respiration in Plants 1
Plant growth and Development 2
Reproduction in Organisms 1
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants4
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGPrinciples of Inheritance and Variation4
Molecular Basis of Inheritance5
Microbes in Human welfare2
Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGOrganisms & population2
Ecosystem3
Biodiversity3
Environmental Issues4
Animal Kingdom4
Structural Organization in Animals2
Biomolecules2
Digestion & Absorption2
Breathing & Exchange of Gases2
Excretory Products & their Elimination1
Body fluids & circulation2
Locomotion & Movement2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGNeural Control & Coordination3
Chemical Coordination & Integration3
Human Reproduction4
Reproductive Health2
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGHuman Health and Disease3
Evolution 4
MUST READ/HEAVY READINGBiotechnology: Principles & processes3
Biotechnology and its Applications2

Effectively tackling the topics

Although being one with the syllabus is especially important, you should know how to tackle the respective topics. These two aspects go hand in glove. As such, here are some tips to get you going:

Physics

  • The topics related to ‘Optics and Modern physics’ are comparatively easier to score in and it is advisable to study this section well.
  • The topics mentioned in ‘Mechanics’ are all inter-related and therefore, should be studied well.
  • Covering ‘Mechanics and Optics and Modern Physics’ well will allow students to cover 25 questions in the physics section.
  • Since Electricity and magnetism covers a major portion of the physics section, candidates are advised to focus well on this portion.
  • If time-management is becoming difficult and a student needs to prioritize their study material, it is advisable to study selectively from the section ‘Properties of Bulk matters and Heat’.

Chemistry

  • For the first 4 chapters, NCERT is a must-read to build a strong foundation.
  • For chemistry, students should cover all the topics as they are all inter-related and leaving out on a topic can affect one’s understanding of different yet connected topics. For instance- equilibrium and electro-chemistry are inter-related.

Biology

  • Chapters in the must-read category should be emphasized upon to have a strong foundation for the biology section.
  • Students are advised to study NCERT books well.
  • Practicing around 200 questions will help students prepare well for the biology section.