NEET Practice Questions - Botany - Ecosystem

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At the trophic level of consumers, the rate at which food energy is assimilated, is called:

1. Secondary productivity

2. Gross primary productivity

3. Net primary productivity

4. None of these

The term "detritivore" includes
1. decomposers
2. primary consumers
3. secondary consumers
4. autotrophs

Net primary productivity is the gross primary productivity less

1. that which is consumed by herbivores

2. that which is consumed by producer in metabolism

3. secondary productivity 

4. loss due to mortality

The major reservoir for phosphorous is 

(a) Aquifers

(b) Soil and rocks

(c) The atmosphere

(d) Clouds

The accumulation of herbivore biomass in an ecosystem is an example of 
1. biogeochemical cycles
2. transpiration
3. net primary productivity
4. secondary productivity

Which of the following pyramids can never be inverted in a natural ecosystem?

1. pyramid of numbers

2. pyramid of energy

3. pyramid of biomass

4. all can be inverted 

The earth is an open system with respect to

1. organisms

2. chemicals

3. energy 

4. all of the above

Plants capture approximately __________________ of the sun's energy while other trophics levels capture about _________________ of the energy available to them in their food.
1. 1%, 10%
2. 10%, 60%
3. 10%, 1%
4. 60%, 10%

Which trophic level is incorrectly defined?
1. Carnivores- secondary or tertiary consumer
2. Decomposer- microbial heterotrophs
3. Herbivores - primary consumer
4. Omnivores - Molds, yeast and mushrooms

Nitrogen gas makes up nearly 80% of Earth's atmosphere, yet nitrogen is often a limiting factor for plant growth. Why ?
1. The atmospheric form of nitrogen cannot be used by plants.
2. Nitrifying bacteria remove usable nitrogen from the soil more repidly than plants can absorb it.
3. Atmospheric nitrogen dissolves readily in the soil but is washed out with every rainfall.
4. Plants must absorb nitrogen through their roots, which are not in contact with the atmosphere.