The direction of propagation of the electromagnetic wave is the same as that of (Here E=electric field vector and B=magnetic field vector):

(1) E×B

(2) B×E

(3) E

(4) B

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Properties of EM waves
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In an electromagnetic wave in free space the root mean square value of the electric field is Erms=6 V/m. The peak value of the magnetic field is:

1. 1.41×10-8T

2. 2.83×10-8T

3. 0.70×10-8T

4. 4.23×10-8 T 

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Properties of EM waves
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Out of the following options which one can be used to produce a propagating electromagnetic wave?

1. A stationary charge               

2. A chargeless particle

3. An accelerating charge         

4. A charge moving at constant velocity

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Generation of EM waves
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The energy of the EM wave is of the order of 15 KeV. To which part of the spectrum does it belong?

1. X-rays

2. Infrared rays

3. Ultraviolet rays

4. γ-rays

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Properties of EM waves
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The condition under which a microwave oven heats up a food item containing water molecules most efficiently in



1. the frequency of the microwave must match the resonant frequency of the water molecules

2. the frequency of the microwave  has no relation with the natural frequency of water molecules

3. microwave are heatwaves, so always produce heating

4. infrared waves produce heating in a microwave oven
 

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Properties of EM waves
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The electric field associated with an electromagnetic wave in vacuum is given by E= 40coskz-6×108t,where E, z, and t are in volt/m, meter, and second respectively. The value of wave vector k is:

1. 2 m-1                               2. 0.5 m-1

3. 6 m-1                               4. 3 m-1             

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Properties of EM waves
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The ratio of the amplitude of the magnetic field to the amplitude of electric field for an electromagnetic wave propagating in vacuum 

is equal to

(a) the speed of light in vacuum

(b) reciprocal of speed of light in vacuum

(c) the ratio of magnetic permeability to the

electric susceptibility of vacuum

(d) unity

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Properties of EM waves
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The electric and the magnectic field, associated with an electromagnetic wave, propagating along the +z-axis, can be represented by

1.  E=E0k^, B=B0I^˙                                                2.   E=E0j^, B=B0j^

3.   E=E0j^, B=B0k^                                                 4.   E=E0i^, B=Boj^

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Generation of EM waves
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The decreasing order of the wavelength of infrared, microwave, ultraviolet and gamma rays is

(a) gamma rays, ultraviolet, infrared, microwaves

(b) microwaves, gamma rays, infrared, ultraviolet

(c) infrared, microwave, ultraviolet, gamma rays

(d) microwave, infrared, ultraviolet, gamma rays

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Properties of EM waves
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Which of the following statements is false for the properties of electromagnetic waves?

1. Both electric and magnetic field vectors attain the maxima and minima at the same place and the same time

2. The energy in an electromagnetic wave is divided equally between electric and magnetic vectors 

3. Both electric and magnetic field vectors are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave

4. These waves do not require any material medium for propagation

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Properties of EM waves
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