Which one of the following is heterosporous?

(1) Dryopteris

(2) Salvinia

(3) Adiantum

(4) Equisetum

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Select one of the following pairs of important features distinguishing Gnetum from Cycas and Pinus and showing affinities with angiosperms

(1) absence of resin duct and leaf venation

(2) presence of vessel elements and absence of archegonia

(3) perianth and two integuments

(4) embryo development and apical meristem

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Flagellated male gametes are present in all the three of which one of the following sets?

(1) Anthoceros, Funaria and Spirogyra

(2) Zygnema, Saprolegnia and Hydrilla

(3) Fucus, Marsilea and Calotropis

(4) Riccia, Dryopteris and Cycas

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In gymnosperms, the pollen chamber represents:

(1) a cell in the pollen grain in which the sperms are formed

(2) a cavity in the ovule in which pollen grains are stored after pollination

(3) an opening in the megagametophyte through which the pollen tube approaches the egg

(4) the microsporangium in which pollen grains develop

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Spore dissemination in some liverworts is aided by:

(1) elaters

(2) indusium

(3) calyptra

(4) peristome teeth

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If you are asked to classify the various algae into distinct groups, which of the following characters you should choose?

(1) Types of pigments present in the cell

(2) Nature of stored food materials in the cell

(3) Structural organisation of thallus

(4) Chemical composition of the cell wall

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Moss peat is used as a packing material for sending flowers and live plants to distant places because:

(1) it is easily available

(2) it is hygroscopic

(3) it reduces transpiration

(4) it serves as a disinfectant

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Conifers differ from grasses in the :

(1) production of seeds from ovules

(2) lack of xylem tracheids

(3) absence of pollen tubes

(4) formation of endosperm before fertilization

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In a moss the sporophyte:

(1) is partially parasitic on the gametophyte

(2) produces gametes that give rise to the gametophyte

(3) arises from a spore produced from the gametophyte

(4) manufactures food for itself, as well as for the gametophyte

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Monoecious plant of Chara shows occurrence of

(1) antheridiophore and archegoniophore on the same plant

(2) stamen and carpel on the same plant

(3) upper antheirdium and lower oogonium on the same plant

(4) upper oogonium and lower antheridium on the same plant

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