• Subject:


  • Chapter:


What is applicable to both Lates niloticus and Lantana camara ?

1. They are on the verge of extinction due to over-exploitation by humans.

2. They are alien species that became invasive in certain environments causing threat to indigenous biodiversity.

3. They are mutualists and likely to undergo co-extinction in recent future.

4. They are keystone species and are vital to the stability of tropical ecosystems.