NEET Practice Questions - Botany - Principles of Inheritance & Variation

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  • Subject:

    Botany

  • Chapter:

    Principles of Inheritance & Variation


In human child, sex is determined by

(1) Size and number of sperms in semen

(2) Size of egg to be fertilized

(3) Sex chromosomes of father

(4) Sex chromosomes of mother


Round seed trait (R) is dominant over wrinkled (r) seed trait in Pea. Heterozygous round seeded plant (Rr) is crossed with wrinkled seed plant (rr). What is the possible progeny?

(1) 302 round : 102 wrinkled

(2) 210 round : 95 wrinkled

(3) 103 round : 99 wrinkled 

(4) 103 round : 315 wrinkled


A dihybrid test cross produces the following progeny - AaBb = 240; Aabb =754; aaBb = 746; aabb = 260. What is the distance between the two genes on the chromosome?

(1) 12.5 map units

(2) 1 map unit

(3) 20 map units

(4) 25 map units


Male pattern baldness is a          trait

(1) sex-linked

(2) sex-limited

(3) sex-influenced

(4) Y-linked


A colour blind girl is rare because she will be born only when 

(1) Her mother and maternal grand father were colour blind

(2) Her father and maternal grand father were colour blind

(3) Her mother is colour blind and father has normal vision

(4) Parents have normal vision but grand parents were colour blind. 


Match each item in COLUMN I with one in COLUMN II and select your answer from the codes given:

COLUMN I

 COLUMN II

SCIENTIST

   CONTRIBUTION

Francis Crick

a. Breaking the genetic code

Nirenberg         

b. Eastablished Coenorthabditis elegans as as a model genetics  study organism

Benzer 

c. Central dogma of molecular biology

Brenner           

d. Bacteriophase genetics 

 

A    

B     

C     

D

(1)  

c

a

d

b

(2)

c

a

B

d

(3)

a

b

c

d

(4)

a

c

d

B

 

 


Identify the incorrect statement regarding experiments on Pisum sativum by Gregor Mendel?

(1) He conducted hybridisation experiments on garden peas for seven years (1856-1863) and proposed the laws of inheritance in living organisms.

(2) It was for the first time that statical analysis and mathematical logic were applied to problems in biology.

(3) Unfortunately his experiments had a small sampling size, which gave less credibility to the data that he collected.

(4) He investigated characters in the garden pea plant that were manifested as two opposing traits. 


Which of the following is a recessive trait for a character choosen by Mendel in garden pea?

(1) Violet flower color

(2) Yellow pod color

(3) Axial flower position

(4) tall stem height


Genes which code for a pair of contrasting traits or slightly different forms of the same gene are known as

(1) Alleles

(2) Loci

(3) Cistrons

(4) Introns


Indentify the incorrect statement:

(1) Tall plant produces gametes by meiosis and the dwarf plant by mitosis

(2) Only one allele is transmitted to a gamete.

(3) This segregation of alleles is a random process.

(4) Gametes will always be pure for the trait.