Question 20 of 48

Progesterone alone or in combination with estrogen can also be used as contraceptives by females as injections or implants under their skin. When used in this manner, they:

1. do not affect the release of the ovum

2. induce a foreign body reaction leading to rejection of the implanted blastocyst

3. can cause increased risk of ectopic pregnancy

4. have a much longer effective period