Detergent that gets degraded by the action of bacteria are known as -

1. Non-biodegradable

2. Condensation 

3. Biodegradable

4. Elastomers

Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 90%
From NCERT
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The correct statement among the following during the cleansing action of soaps is:

1. Hydrophobic parts of the stearate ions attach themselves to the oil droplets.
2. Hydrophilic parts of the stearate ions project outside the oil droplets.
3. Hydrophilic parts of the stearate ions attach themselves to the oil droplets.
4. Both (1) and (2)
Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 80%
From NCERT
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Match the structures given in Column I with the type of detergents given in Column II.

Column I Column II
A. CH3(CH2)16COO(CH2CH2O)n
CH2CH2OH
1. Cationic
detergent
B. C17H35COONa+ 2. Anionic
detergent
C. CH− (CH2)10 CH2 SO3Na+ 3. Non-ionic
detergent
D.                           CH3
                            |
CH3CH215 - N - CH3
                            |
                          CH3+ Br-
4. Soap

Choose the correct one:

A B C D
1. 3 2 4 1
2. 4 3 2 1
3. 3 4 2 1
4. 1 2 3 4
Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 71%
From NCERT
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Choose the correct statement:

1. Detergents that can not be degraded by bacteria are called biodegradable detergents.
2. Biodegradable detergents have straight hydrocarbon chains.
3. Detergents that can be degraded by bacteria are called non-biodegradable detergents.
4. Biodegradable detergents have highly branched hydrocarbon chains.
Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 71%
From NCERT
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Soaps do not work in hard water because:

1. Calcium and magnesium ions displace sodium or potassium from their salts and form insoluble calcium or magnesium salts of fatty acids.
2. Sodium or potassium ions displace calcium and magnesium from their salts and form insoluble calcium or magnesium salts of fatty acids.
3. Calcium and magnesium ions displace sodium or potassium from their salts and form insoluble sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids.
4. None of the above.
Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 70%
From NCERT
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The correct statement among the following is:

a. Cationic detergents have germicidal properties.
b. Bacteria can degrade the detergents containing highly branched chains.
c. Some synthetic detergents can give foam even in ice-cold water.
d. Synthetic detergents are not soaps.

1. a, c and d
2. a, b and c
3. b and c
4. c and d

Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 69%
From NCERT
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The function of glycerol in the soap is -
1. That of a filler.
2. To increase lathering.
3. To prevent rapid drying.
4. To make soap granules.

Subtopic:  Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Propellant |
 64%
From NCERT
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