# Assertion(A): During an adiabatic process, heat energy is not exchanged between the system and its surroundings. Reason(R): The temperature of a gas increases when it undergoes an adiabatic expansion. 1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. 2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. 3. A is true and R is false. 4. A and R both are false.

Subtopic:  Thermodynamics' Properties and process |
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Assertion(A): Mass and volume are extensive properties.
Reason(R): Mass/volume is also an extensive parameter.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Thermodynamics' Properties and process |
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 Assertion (A): Absolute values of the internal energy of substances cannot be determined. Reason (R): It is impossible to determine the exact values of constituent energies of the substances.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 Both (A) and (R) are false.
Subtopic:  Enthalpy & Internal energy |
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Assertion(A): The increase in internal energy $$(\Delta E )$$ for the vapourization of one mole of water at 1 atm and 373 K is zero.
Reason(R): For all isothermal processes, $$\Delta E = 0$$.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Enthalpy & Internal energy |
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Assertion(A): $$\Delta H$$ and $$\Delta E$$ are almost the same for the reaction, $$N_{2(g)} + O_{2(g)} \rightleftharpoons 2NO_(g)$$
Reason(R): All reactants and products are gases.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Enthalpy & Internal energy |
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Assertion(A): Molar entropy of vaporization of water is different from ethanol.
Reason(R): Water is more polar than ethanol.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Thermochemistry |
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Assertion(A): Decrease in free energy causes a spontaneous reaction.
Reason(R): Spontaneous reactions are invariably exothermic reactions.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Spontaneity & Entropy |
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Assertion(A): Thermodynamic properties are macroscopic in nature.
Reason(R): When a gas expands into a vacuum, the work done by it is zero.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Thermodynamics' Properties and process | First Law of Thermodynamics |
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Assertion(A): For an isothermal physical process, change in internal energy is equal to zero.
Reason(R): The internal energy is directly proportional to temperature for physical processes.
1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  Enthalpy & Internal energy |
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Assertion(A): Heat energy is completely transformed into work during the isothermal expansion of a gas.
Reason(R): During an isothermal process, the changes in the internal energy of a gas due to a decrease in pressure are nullified by the changes due to an increase in volume.

1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is true and R is false.
4. A and R both are false.
Subtopic:  First Law of Thermodynamics | Enthalpy & Internal energy |
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