Assertion(A): chlorine is an electron-withdrawing group, yet it is ortho-, para- directing in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions.

Reason(R):
Halogen atom is a ring deactivator.

1. Both assertion and reason are true, and reason is the correct explanation of the assertion.

2. Both assertion and reason are true, but reason is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

3. Assertion is true but reason is false.

4. Assertion is false but reason is true.

Subtopic:  Haloarenes: Directive Influence of Halogen |
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Assertion (A): Vinyl halides do not undergo nucleophilic substitution easily.
Reason (R): Even though the intermediate carbocation is stabilized by loosely held p-electrons, the cleavage is difficult because of strong bonding.

1. Both (A) and (R) are correct statements but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

2. Both (A) and (R) are correct statements and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

3. (A) is a correct statement but (R) is a wrong statement

4. Both (A) and (R) are wrong statements.

Subtopic:  Chemical Properties |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): Nitration of chlorobenzene leads to the formation of m-nitrochlorobenzene. Reason (R): —NO2 group is an m-directing group.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Haloarenes: Directive Influence of Halogen |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): Hydrolysis of (-)-2-bromooctane proceeds with an inversion of configuration. Reason (R): This reaction proceeds through the formation of a carbocation.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Chemical Properties |
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Assertion (A): It is difficult to replace chlorine by -OH in chlorobenzene in comparison to that in chloroethane.
Reason (R): Chlorine carbon (C—Cl) bond in chlorobenzene has a partial double bond character due to resonance.

1. Both assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

2. Both assertion and reason are true and reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

3. Assertion is true but the reason is false.

4. Assertion is false but reason is true.

Subtopic:  Chemical Properties | Haloarenes: Directive Influence of Halogen |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): In monohaloarenes, further electrophilic substitution occurs at ortho and para positions. Reason (R): The halogen atom is a ring deactivator.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Haloarenes: Directive Influence of Halogen |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): The presence of a nitro group at ortho or para position increases the reactivity of haloarenes towards nucleophilic substitution. Reason (R): The nitro group, being an electron-withdrawing group, decreases the electron density over the benzene ring.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Haloarenes: Directive Influence of Halogen |
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Assertion (A): tert-butyl bromide undergoes Wurtz reaction to give 2,2,3,3-tetramethylbutane.
Reason (R): In Wurtz reaction, alkyl halides react with sodium in dry ether to give hydrocarbon containing double the number of carbon atoms present in the halide.

1. Both assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

2. Both assertion and reason are true and reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

3. Assertion is true but the reason is false.

4. Assertion is false but reason is true.

Subtopic:  Chemical Properties |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): KCN reacts with methyl chloride to give methyl isocyanide. Reason (R): $$CN^-$$ is an ambident nucleophile.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Chemical Properties |
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Select the correct option based on statements below:

 Assertion (A): The boiling points of alkyl halides decrease in the order RI> RBr > RCl > RF Reason (R): The boiling points of alkyl chlorides, bromides, and iodides are considerably higher than those of the hydrocarbons of comparable molecular mass.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 (A) is false but (R) is true.
Subtopic:  Physical Properties |
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