A metallic bar of Young's modulus $$0.5 \times 10^{11}~\text{Nm}^{-2},$$  coefficient of linear thermal expansion $$10^{-5} ~^{\circ}\text{C}^{-1},$$ length $$1~\text m$$ and cross-sectional area $$10^{-3} ~\text{m}^2$$ is heated from $$0^\circ \text{C}$$ to $$100^\circ \text C$$ without expansion or bending. The compressive force developed in the metallic bar is:
1. $$50 \times 10^3~ \text N$$
2. $$100 \times 10^3 ~\text N$$
3. $$2 \times 10^3~\text N$$
4. $$5 \times 10^3 ~\text N$$
Subtopic:  Thermal Stress |
67%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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Given below are two statements: One is labeled as Assertion (A) and the other is labeled as Reason (R).
 Assertion (A): Houses made of concrete roofs overlaid with foam keep the room hotter during summer. Reason (R): The layer of foam insulation prohibits heat transfer, as it contains air pockets.

In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
 1 (A) is True but (R) is False. 2 (A) is False but (R) is True. 3 Both (A) and (R) are True but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 4 Both (A) and (R) are True and (R) is the correct explanation of (R).
Subtopic:  Conduction |
59%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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Two rods, one made of copper and other made of steel, of the same length and same cross sectional area are joined together. The thermal conductivity of copper and steel are $$385~\text{Js}^{-1}\text{K}^{-1}\text{m}^{-1}$$ and $$50~\text{Js}^{-1}\text{K}^{-1}\text{m}^{-1}$$ respectively. The free ends of copper and steel are held at $$100^\circ \text{C}$$ and $$0^\circ \text{C}$$ respectively. The temperature at the junction is, nearly:
1. $$12^\circ \text{C}$$
2. $$50^\circ \text{C}$$
3. $$73^\circ \text{C}$$
4. $$88.5^\circ \text{C}$$
Subtopic:  Conduction |
71%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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A cup of coffee cools from $$90^{\circ}\text{C}$$ $\mathrm{to}$ $$80^{\circ}\text{C}$$ in $$t$$ minutes, when the room temperature is $$20^{\circ}\text{C}$$$\mathrm{}$. The time taken by a similar cup of coffee to cool from $$80^{\circ}\text{C}$$ $\mathrm{to}$ $$60^{\circ}\text{C}$$ at room temperature same at $$20^{\circ}\text{C}$$ is:
1. $$\dfrac{10}{13}t$$
2. $$\dfrac{5}{13}t$$
3. $$\dfrac{13}{10}t$$
4. $$\dfrac{13}{5}t$$

Subtopic:  Newton's Law of Cooling |
62%
From NCERT
NEET - 2021
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The quantities of heat required to raise the temperature of two solid copper spheres of radii $$r_1$$ and $$r_2$$ $$(r_1=1.5~r_2)$$ through $$1~\text{K}$$ are in the ratio:

 1 $$\dfrac{9}{4}$$ 2 $$\dfrac{3}{2}$$ 3 $$\dfrac{5}{3}$$ 4 $$\dfrac{27}{8}$$
Subtopic:  Conduction |
52%
From NCERT
NEET - 2020
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Three stars $$A,$$ $$B,$$ and $$C$$ have surface temperatures $$T_A,~T_B$$ and $$T_C$$ respectively. Star $$A$$ appears bluish, star $$B$$ appears reddish and star $$C$$ yellowish. Hence:
1. $$T_A>T_B>T_C$$
2. $$T_B>T_C>T_A$$
3. $$T_C>T_B>T_A$$
4. $$T_A>T_C>T_B$$

Subtopic:  Wien's Displacement Law |
68%
From NCERT
NEET - 2020
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A copper rod of $$88$$ cm and an aluminium rod of an unknown length have an equal increase in their lengths independent of an increase in temperature. The length of the aluminium rod is:
$$\left(\alpha_{Cu}= 1.7\times10^{-5}~\text{K}^{-1}~\text{and}~\alpha_{Al}= 2.2\times10^{-5}~\text{K}^{-1}\right)$$
1. $$68~\text{cm}$$
2. $$6.8~\text{cm}$$
3. $$113.9~\text{cm}$$
4. $$88~\text{cm}$$

Subtopic:  Thermal Expansion |
76%
From NCERT
NEET - 2019
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An object kept in a large room having an air temperature of $$25^\circ \text{C}$$ takes $$12$$ minutes to cool from $$80^\circ \text{C}$$ to $$70^\circ \text{C}.$$ The time taken to cool for the same object from $$70^\circ \text{C}$$ to $$60^\circ \text{C}$$ would be nearly:
1. $$10$$ min
2. $$12$$ min
3. $$20$$ min
4. $$15$$ min

Subtopic:  Newton's Law of Cooling |
78%
From NCERT
NEET - 2019
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A deep rectangular pond of surface area $$A$$, containing water (density = $$\rho,$$ specific heat capacity = $$s$$), is located in a region where the outside air temperature is at a steady value of $$-26^{\circ}\text{C}$$. The thickness of the ice layer in this pond at a certain instant is $$x$$. Taking the thermal conductivity of ice as $$k$$, and its specific latent heat of fusion as $$L$$, the rate of increase of the thickness of the ice layer, at this instant, would be given by:
1. $$\dfrac{26k}{x\rho L-4s}$$
2. $$\dfrac{26k}{x^2\rho L}$$
3. $$\dfrac{26k}{x\rho L}$$
4. $$\dfrac{26k}{x\rho L+4s}$$

Subtopic:  Conduction |
52%
From NCERT
NEET - 2019
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The power radiated by a black body is $$P$$ and it radiates maximum energy at wavelength ${}_{}$$$\lambda_0$$. Temperature of the black body is now changed so that it radiates maximum energy at the wavelength $$\frac{3}{4}\lambda_0$$. The power radiated by it now becomes $$nP$$. The value of $$n$$ is:
1. $$\frac{3}{4}$$
2. $$\frac{4}{3}$$
3. $$\frac{256}{81}$$
4. $$\frac{81}{256}$$

Subtopic:  Wien's Displacement Law |
65%
From NCERT
NEET - 2018
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