A satellite is moving very close to a planet of density \(\rho.\) The time period of the satellite is:
1. \(\sqrt{\frac{3 \pi}{ρG}}\)
2. \(\left(\frac{3 \pi}{ρG}\right)^{3 / 2}\)
3. \(\sqrt{\frac{3 \pi}{2 ρG}}\)
4. \(\left(\frac{3 \pi}{2 ρG}\right)^{3 / 2}\)

Subtopic:  Satellite |
 58%
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A projectile is fired upwards from the surface of the earth with a velocity \(kv_e\) where \(v_e\) is the escape velocity and \(k<1\). If \(r\) is the maximum distance from the center of the earth to which it rises and \(R\) is the radius of the earth, then \(r\) equals:
1. \(\frac{R}{k^2}\)
2. \(\frac{R}{1-k^2}\)
3. \(\frac{2R}{1-k^2}\)
4. \(\frac{2R}{1+k^2}\)

Subtopic:  Escape velocity |
 64%
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The gravitational potential difference between the surface of a planet and 10 m above is 5 J/kg. If the gravitational field is supposed to be uniform, the work done in moving a 2 kg mass from the surface of the planet to a height of 8 m is

1.  2J

2.  4J

3.  6J

4.  8J

Subtopic:  Gravitational Potential |
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A planet is moving in an elliptical orbit. If \(T, V, E,\) and \(L\) stand, respectively, for its kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, total energy and angular momentum about the center of the orbit, then:
1. \(T\) is conserved
2. \(V\) is always positive
3. \(E\) is always negative
4. the magnitude of \(L\) is conserved but its direction changes continuously
Subtopic:  Satellite |
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In planetary motion, the areal velocity of the position vector of a planet depends on the angular velocity \((\omega)\) and the distance of the planet from the sun \((r)\). The correct relation for areal velocity is:
1. \(\frac{dA}{dt}\propto \omega r\)
2. \(\frac{dA}{dt}\propto \omega^2 r\)
3. \(\frac{dA}{dt}\propto \omega r^2\)
4. \(\frac{dA}{dt}\propto \sqrt{\omega r}\)

Subtopic:  Kepler's Laws |
 55%
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If \(A\) is the areal velocity of a planet of mass \(M,\) then its angular momentum is:

1. \(\frac{M}{A}\) 2. \(2MA\)
3. \(A^2M\) 4. \(AM^2\)
Subtopic:  Kepler's Laws |
 74%
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Two bodies of masses m and 4m are placed at a distance r. The gravitational potential at a point on the line joining them where the gravitational field is zero is

1.  -5Gmr

2.  -6Gmr

3.  -9Gmr

4.  0

Subtopic:  Gravitational Field |
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Magnitude of potential energy (\(U\)) and time period (\(T\)) of a satellite are related to each other as:
1. \(T^2\propto \frac{1}{U^{3}}\)
2. \(T\propto \frac{1}{U^{3}}\)
3. \(T^2\propto U^3\)
4. \(T^2\propto \frac{1}{U^{2}}\)

Subtopic:  Satellite |
 59%
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A projectile fired vertically upwards with a speed v escapes from the earth. If it is to be fired at 45° to the horizontal, what should be its speed so that it escapes from the earth?

1.  v

2.  v2

3.  2v

4.  2v

Subtopic:  Escape velocity |
 58%
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Kepler's second law regarding constancy of the areal velocity of a planet is a consequence of the law of conservation of:

1. Energy

2. Linear momentum

3. Angular momentum

4. Mass

Subtopic:  Kepler's Laws |
 83%
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