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Kepler's third law states that the square of the period of revolution (\(T\)) of a planet around the sun, is proportional to the third power of average distance \(r\) between the sun and planet i.e. \(T^2 = Kr^3\), here \(K\) is constant. If the masses of the sun and planet are \(M\) and \(m\) respectively, then as per Newton's law of gravitation, the force of attraction between them is \(F = \frac{GMm}{r^2},\) here \(G\) is the gravitational constant. The relation between \(G\) and \(K\) is described as:

1. \(GK = 4\pi^2\)

2. \(GMK = 4\pi^2\)

3. \(K =G\)

4. \(K = \frac{1}{G}\)

Subtopic: Kepler's Laws |

79%

From NCERT

NEET - 2015

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A black hole is an object whose gravitational field is so strong that even light cannot escape from it. To what approximate radius would Earth (mass\(=5.98\times 10^{24}~\text{kg})\) have to be compressed to be a black hole?

1. \(10^{-9}~\text{m}\)

2. \(10^{-6}~\text{m}\)

3. \(10^{-2}~\text{m}\)

4. \(100~\text{m}\)

Subtopic: Escape velocity |

61%

From NCERT

AIPMT - 2014

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The figure shows the elliptical orbit of a planet \(m\) about the sun \(\mathrm{S}.\) The shaded area \(\mathrm{SCD}\) is twice the shaded area \(\mathrm{SAB}.\) If \(t_1\) is the time for the planet to move from \(\mathrm{C}\) to \(\mathrm{D}\) and \(t_2\) is the time to move from \(\mathrm{A}\) to \(\mathrm{B},\) then:

1. | \(t_1>t_2\) | 2. | \(t_1=4t_2\) |

3. | \(t_1=2t_2\) | 4. | \(t_1=t_2\) |

Subtopic: Kepler's Laws |

71%

From NCERT

AIPMT - 2009

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Two satellites of Earth, \(S_1\)_{,} and \(S_2\), are moving in the same orbit. The mass of \(S_1\) is four times the mass of \(S_2\). Which one of the following statements is true?

1. | The time period of \(S_1\) is four times that of \(S_2\). |

2. | The potential energies of the earth and satellite in the two cases are equal. |

3. | \(S_1\) and \(S_2\)_{ }are moving at the same speed. |

4. | The kinetic energies of the two satellites are equal. |

Subtopic: Satellite |

67%

From NCERT

AIPMT - 2007

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A body weighs \(200\) N on the surface of the earth. How much will it weigh halfway down the centre of the earth?

1. | \(100\) N | 2. | \(150\) N |

3. | \(200\) N | 4. | \(250\) N |

Subtopic: Acceleration due to Gravity |

80%

From NCERT

NEET - 2019

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If the mass of the sun were ten times smaller and the universal gravitational constant were ten times larger in magnitude, which of the following statements would not be correct?

1. | Raindrops would drop faster. |

2. | Walking on the ground would become more difficult. |

3. | Time period of a simple pendulum on the earth would decrease. |

4. | Acceleration due to gravity \((g)\) on earth would not change. |

Subtopic: Acceleration due to Gravity |

73%

From NCERT

NEET - 2018

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A satellite of mass \(m\) is orbiting the earth (of radius \(R\)) at a height \(h\) from its surface. What is the total energy of the satellite in terms of \(g_0?\)

(\(g_0\) is the value of acceleration due to gravity at the earth's surface)

1. | \(\frac{mg_0R^2}{2(R+h)}\) | 2. | \(-\frac{mg_0R^2}{2(R+h)}\) |

3. | \(\frac{2mg_0R^2}{(R+h)}\) | 4. | \(-\frac{2mg_0R^2}{(R+h)}\) |

Subtopic: Gravitational Potential Energy |

77%

From NCERT

NEET - 2016

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Starting from the centre of the earth, having radius \(R,\) the variation of \(g\) (acceleration due to gravity) is shown by:

1. | 2. | ||

3. | 4. |

Subtopic: Acceleration due to Gravity |

86%

From NCERT

NEET - 2016

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If the radius of a planet is \(R\) and its density is \(\rho\), the escape velocity from its surface will be:

1. \(v_e\propto \rho R\)

2. \(v_e\propto \sqrt{\rho} R\)

3. \(v_e\propto \frac{\sqrt{\rho}}{R}\)

4. \(v_e\propto \frac{1}{\sqrt{\rho} R}\)

Subtopic: Escape velocity |

87%

From NCERT

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If a particle is dropped from a height \(h = 3R\) from the Earth's surface, the speed with which the particle will strike the ground is:

1. \(\sqrt{3gR}\)

2. \(\sqrt{2gR}\)

3. \(\sqrt{1.5gR}\)

4. \(\sqrt{gR}\)

Subtopic: Gravitational Potential Energy |

64%

From NCERT

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