1 kg of gas does 20 kJ of work and receives 16 kJ of heat when it is expanded between two states. The second kind of expansion can be found between the same initial and final states, which requires a heat input of 9 kJ. The work done by the gas in the second expansion will be:

1. 32 kJ 2. 5 kJ
3. -4 kJ 4. 13 kJ

Subtopic:  First Law of Thermodynamics |
 77%
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The figure below shows two paths that may be taken by a gas to go from state A to state C. In process AB, \(400~\text{J}\) of heat is added to the system and in process BC, \(100~\text{J}\) of heat is added to the system. The heat absorbed by the system in the process AC will be:

        

1. \(380~\text{J}\) 2. \(500~\text{J}\)
3. \(460~\text{J}\) 4. \(300~\text{J}\)
Subtopic:  First Law of Thermodynamics |
 65%
From NCERT
NEET - 2015
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The latent heat of vaporisation of water is \(2240~\text{J/gm}\). If the work done in the process of expansion of \(1~\text{g}\) is \(168~\text{J}\), then the increase in internal energy is:
1. \(2408~\text{J}\)
2. \(2240~\text{J}\)
3. \(2072~\text{J}\)
4. \(1904~\text{J}\)

Subtopic:  First Law of Thermodynamics |
 82%
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An ideal heat engine working between temperatures T1 and T2 has an efficiency η. The new efficiency if both the source and sink temperatures are doubled will be:
1. η2
2. η
3. 2η
4. 3η

Subtopic:  Carnot Engine |
 88%
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A monoatomic ideal gas, initially at temperature \(T_1\), is enclosed in a cylinder fitted with a frictionless piston. The gas is allowed to expand adiabatically to a temperature \(T_2\) by releasing the piston suddenly. If \(L_1\) and \(L_2\) are the lengths of the gas column before and after expansion, respectively, then \(\frac{T_1}{T_2}\) is given by:
1. \(\left(\frac{L_1}{L_2}\right)^{\frac{2}{3}}\)
2. \(\frac{L_1}{L_2}\)
3. \(\frac{L_2}{L_1}\)
4. \(\left(\frac{L_2}{L_1}\right)^{\frac{2}{3}}\)

Subtopic:  Types of Processes |
 70%
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The initial pressure and volume of a gas are \(P\) and \(V\), respectively. First, it is expanded isothermally to volume \(4V\) and then compressed adiabatically to volume \(V\). The final pressure of the gas will be: [Given: \(\gamma = 1.5\)]

1. \(P\) 2. \(2P\)
3. \(4P\) 4. \(8P\)
Subtopic:  Types of Processes |
 75%
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If n moles of an ideal gas is heated at a constant pressure from 50°C to 100°C, the increase in the internal energy of the gas will be: \(\left(\frac{C_{p}}{C_{v}} = \gamma\   and\   R = gas\   constant\right)\)

1. \(\frac{50   nR}{\gamma - 1}\) 2. \(\frac{100   nR}{\gamma - 1}\)
3. \(\frac{50   nγR}{\gamma - 1}\) 4. \(\frac{25   nγR}{\gamma - 1}\)
Subtopic:  Molar Specific Heat |
 81%
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The first law of thermodynamics is based on:

1. the concept of temperature.
2. the concept of conservation of energy.
3. the concept of working of heat engine.
4. the concept of entropy.

Subtopic:  First Law of Thermodynamics |
 92%
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The efficiency of an ideal heat engine is less than 100% because of:

1.  the presence of friction.
2.  the leakage of heat energy.
3.  unavailability of the sink at zero kelvin.
4.  All of these

Subtopic:  Carnot Engine |
 83%
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Work done during the given cycle is:
                               
1. 4P0V0

2. 2P0V0

3. 12P0V0

4. P0V0

Subtopic:  Work Done by a Gas |
 78%
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