During an adiabatic process, the pressure of a gas is found to be proportional to the cube of its absolute temperature. The ratio Cp/Cv for the gas is 

(1) 32

(2) 43

(3) 2

(4) 53

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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One mole of an ideal gas at an initial temperature of T K does 6 R joules of work adiabatically. If the ratio of specific heats of this gas at constant pressure and at constant volume is 5/3, the final temperature of gas will be -

(1) (T + 2.4)K

(2) (T – 2.4)K

(3) (T + 4)K

(4) (T – 4)K

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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We consider a thermodynamic system. If ΔU represents the increase in its internal energy and W the work done by the system, which of the following statements is true ?

1. ΔU = –W in an adiabatic process

2. ΔU = W in an isothermal process

3. ΔU = –W in an isothermal process

4. ΔU = W in an adiabatic process

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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The volume of a gas is reduced adiabatically to 14 of its volume at 27°C, if the value of γ = 1.4, then the new temperature will be - 

(1) 350 × 40.4 K

(2) 300 × 40.4 K

(3) 150 × 40.4 K

(4) None of these

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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For an adiabatic expansion of a perfect gas, the value of ΔPP is equal to 

(1) γΔVV

(2) ΔVV

(3) γΔVV

(4) γ2ΔVV

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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A gas expands under constant pressure P from volume V1 toV2. The work done by the gas is 

(1) P(V2V1)

(2) P(V1V2)

(3) P(V1γV2γ)

(4) PV1V2V2V1

Concept Questions :-

Work done by gas
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When heat in given to a gas in an isobaric process, then 

(1) The work is done by the gas

(2) Internal energy of the gas increases

(3) Both (1) and (2)

(4) None from (1) and (2)

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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One mole of a perfect gas in a cylinder fitted with a piston has a pressure P, volume V and temperature 273 K. If the temperature is increased by 1 K keeping pressure constant, the increase in volume is

(1) 2V273

(2) V91

(3) V273

(4) V

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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Unit mass of a liquid with volume V1 is completely changed into a gas of volume V2 at a constant external pressure P and temperature T. If the latent heat of evaporation for the given mass is L, then the increase in the internal energy of the system is -

(1) Zero

(2) P(V2V1)

(3) LP(V2V1)

(4) L

Concept Questions :-

First law of thermodynamics
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A gas expands 0.25m3 at constant pressure 103 N/m2, the work done is -

(1) 2.5 ergs

(2) 250 J

(3) 250 W

(4) 250 N

Concept Questions :-

Work done by gas
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