Reproductive and Child Healthcare (RCH) programmes are currently in operation. One of the major tasks of these programmes is to create awareness amongst people about the wide range of reproduction related aspects. As this is important and essential for building a reproductively healthy society.
(a) "Providing sex education in schools is one of the ways to meet this goal." Give four points in support of your opinion regarding this statement.
(b) List any two 'indicators' that indicate a reproductively healty society. (4)
(a) Sex education in schools will help in the following ways:
(i) This knowledge will save children from believing in myths and misconceptions about sex-related aspects.
(ii) It provides proper information about reproductive organs, adolescence and related physical changes.
(iii) Knowledge about safe sexual practices will keep them safe from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like AIDS, etc.
(iv) Imparts knowledge about contraceptives and safe and hygienic sexual practices.
(v) Gain knowledge about the care of pregnant mothers, post natal care and importance of breast feeding.
(vi) It will make students aware about the importance of small families and also emphasize on equal opporunities for male and female child.
(vii) It will help reduce social evils like sex-abuse and sex-related crimes.
(viii) It would help students to lead a reproductively healthy life.
(b) A reproductively healthy society will have:
(i) Better awareness about sex-related matters.
(ii) Increased number of assisted deliveries and better post natal care.
(iii) Decrease in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR).
(iv) Better detection and care of STDs.
(v) Increased number of couples with small families.
(vi) Physically and functionally normal reproductive organs. (4)