Enlist the steps involved in inbreeding of cattle. Suggest two disadvantages of this practice. (3)
Inbreeding involves mating of closely related individuals within the same breed for
(i) Identification of superior males and females of same breed.
(ii) Mating of superior male and female.
(iii) The progeny obtained from such matings are evaluated.
(iv) Superior males and females among them are identified for further mating.
Disadvantages of Inbreeding:
(i) Continuous inbreeding among cattle reduces fertility and even productivity.
This is called inbreeding depression.
(ii) Inbreeding increases homozygosity. (3)