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(i) State the consequence if the electrostatic precipitator of a thermal plant fails to function.

(ii) Mention any four methods by which the vehicular air pollution can be controlled.

Explanation:

The consequence if the electrostatic precipitator of a thermal plant fails to function are : 

(i) The fine particulates if not removed by precipitator can lead to breathing and respiratory problems, irritation, inflammation and damage to lungs and permature deaths.

(ii) Four methods by which the vehicular air pollution can be controlled are: 

1. Phasing out of old vehicles. 

2. Use of unleaded petrol.

3. Use of catalytic converters in vehicles.

4. Use of low sulphur petrol and diesel.

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