NEET Chemistry The p-Block Elements (XII) Questions Solved


Explain the following observations :

(i) Fluorine does not exhibit any positive oxidation state.

(ii) The majority of known noble gas compounds are those of Xenon.

(iii) Phosphorus is much more reactive than nitrogen.

(i) Because it is most electronegative element and does not have d-orbitals for octet expansion, therefore it shows only a negative oxidation state of -1.

(ii) Because xenon has least ionization energy among noble gases and hence it readily forms chemical compounds particularly with oxygen and fluorine.

(iii) Because P-P single bond is much weaker than NN triple bond and the bond length of nitrogen is small and bond dissociation energy is very large which makes it inert and unreactive and thus phosphorus becomes more reactive.

Difficulty Level: