NEET Chemistry Surface Chemistry Questions Solved

BOARD

Explain how the phenomenon of adsorption finds application in each of the 

following processes:

(i) Production of vacuum 

(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis

(iii) Froth Floatation process

(i) Production of vacuum: In Dewar flasks, activated charcoal is placed between the 

walls of the flask so that any gas which enters into annular space either due to 

glass imperfection or diffusion through glass is adsorbed and create a vacuum.

(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis: If the catalyst is present in a different phase than 

that of the reactants, it is called a heterogeneous catalyst and this type of

catalysis is called Heterogeneous catalysis.

Example: Manufacture of NH3 from N2 and H2 by Haber's process using iron 

as catalyst 

N2 (g)+3H2(g)Fe(s)2NH3(g)

Reactants are gaseous whereas catalyst is solid.

(iii) Froth Floatation process: when KCl is added to hydrated ferric oxide sol, then 

a negatively charged sol is obtained with absorption of OH- ion.

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