NEET Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life Questions Solved


What are the following substances ? Give one example of each.                     (3 marks)

 (i) Broad Spectrum antibiotics

 (ii) Narcotic analgesics

(iii) Synthetic detergents

 (i) Broad spectrum antibiotics : Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wide range of Gram-positive

      and Gram-negative bacteria are said to be board spectrum antibiotics.

      Example : Chloroamphenicol.


 (ii) Narcotic analgesics : Narcotic analgesics are administered in medicinal doses, relieve pain

       and produce sleep.

       Example : Morphine and many of its homologues.


(iii) Synthetic detergents : Synthetic detergents are cleansing agents which have all the pro-

      perties of soap but which actually do not contain any soap.

      Example : Sodium lauryl sulphate.

Difficulty Level:

  • 90%
  • 6%
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