NEET Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life Questions Solved


What are the following substances ? Give one example of each.                  (3 marks)

(i) Analgesics                       (ii) Antibiotics                      (iii) Tranquilizers

 (i) Analgesics : Analgesics reduce or abolish pain without causing impairment of consciousness,

     mental confusion, incoordination or paralysis or some other disturbances of nervous system.

     Example : Aspirin.


 (ii) Antibiotics : Antibiotics refers to a substance produced wholly or partly by chemical synthesis

      which in low concentration inhibits the growth or destroys microorganisms by intervening in

      their metabolic processes.

      Example : Penicillin.


(iii) Tranquilizers : Tranquilizers are a class of chemical compounds used for the treatment of

       stress, and mild or even severe mental disease.

       Example : Equanil.

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