NEET Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life Questions Solved


What are the following substances ? Give one example of each.               (3 marks)

 (i) Antihistamines

(ii) Tranquilizers

(iii) Broad spectrum antibiotics 

 (i) Antihistamines : Antihistamines are amines which are used as drugs to control the allergy

      effects produced by histamines.

      Example : Terfenadine.


 (ii) Tranquilizers : Tranquilizers are a class of chemical compounds used for the treatment of

       stress, and mild or even severe mental disease.

       Example : Equanil.


(iii) Broad spectrum antibiotics : Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wide range of Gram-positive

      and Gram-negative bacteria are said to be broad spectrum antibiotics.

      Example : Chloroamphenicol.

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