NEET Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life Questions Solved


What are the following substances ? Give one example of each one of them.           (3 marks)

 (i) Tranquilizers

 (ii) Food preservatives

(iii) Synthetic detergents

 (i) Tranquilizers : Tranquilizers are chemical compounds used for the treatment of stress and

      mild or even severe mental diseases.

      Example : Equanil, meprobamate, veronal.


 (ii) Food preservatives : Food preservatives are the compounds which prevent spoilage of food

       due to microbial growth.

       Example : Sodium benzoate, table salt, vegetable oils etc.


(iii) Synthetic detergents : Synthetic detergents are cleansing agents which have all the pro-

      perties of soap but which actually do not contain any soap.

      Example : Sodium lauryl sulphate.

Difficulty Level:

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