What are analgesic medicines ? How are they classified and when are they commonly recommended for use ? (3 marks)
Analgesic medicine : Drugs which reduce or abolish pain without causing reduction of consciousness, mental confusion, incoordination or paralysis or some other disorder of the nervous system are called analgesic medicines.
They are classified into the following two categories :
(i) Non-narcotic (non-addictive) drugs
Example : Aspirin, Ibuprofen
(ii) Narcotic (addictive) drugs
Example : Morphine, Heroin.
They are recommended with proper prescription because they are habit forming drugs.