# The primary winding of transformer has 500 turns whereas its secondary has 5000 turns. The primary is connected to an ac supply of 20 V, 50 Hz. The secondary will have an output of  (1) 200 V, 50 Hz (2) 2 V, 50 Hz (3) 200 V, 500 Hz (4) 2 V, 5 Hz

Subtopic:  Transformer |
81%
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A step-down transformer is connected to main supply 200V to operate a 6V, 30W bulb. The current in primary is

(1) 3 A

(2) 1.5 A

(3) 0.3 A

(4) 0.15 A

Subtopic:  Transformer |
77%
From NCERT
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A transformer has 100 turns in the primary coil and carries 8 A current. If input power is one kilowatt, the number of turns required in the secondary coil to have 500V output will be

(1) 100

(2) 200

(3) 400

(4) 300

Subtopic:  Transformer |
86%
From NCERT
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The potential difference V and the current i flowing through an instrument in an ac circuit of frequency f are given by $V=5\mathrm{cos}\omega \text{\hspace{0.17em}}t$ volts and I = 2 sin ωt amperes (where ω = 2πf). The power dissipated in the instrument is

(1) Zero

(2) 10 W

(3) 5 W

(4) 2.5 W

Subtopic:  Different Types of AC Circuits |
63%
From NCERT
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A generator produces a voltage that is given by V = 240 sin 120 t, where t is in seconds. The frequency and r.m.s. voltage are

(1) 60 Hz and 240 V

(2) 19 Hz and 120 V

(3) 19 Hz and 170 V

(4) 754 Hz and 70 V

Subtopic:  RMS & Average Values |
80%
From NCERT
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The peak value of an alternating e.m.f. E is given by $E={E}_{0}\mathrm{cos}\omega \text{\hspace{0.17em}}t$ is 10 volts and its frequency is 50 Hz. At time $t=\frac{1}{600}sec$, the instantaneous e.m.f. is

1. 10 V

2. $5\sqrt{3}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}V$

3. 5 V

4. 1 V

Subtopic:  Different Types of AC Circuits |
81%
From NCERT
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If a current I given by ${I}_{0}\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(\omega \text{\hspace{0.17em}}t-\frac{\pi }{2}\right)$ flows in an ac circuit across which an ac potential of $E={E}_{0}\mathrm{sin}\omega \text{\hspace{0.17em}}t$ has been applied, then the power consumption P in the circuit will be

(1) $P=\frac{{E}_{0}{I}_{0}}{\sqrt{2}}$

(2) $P=\sqrt{2}{E}_{0}{I}_{0}$

(3) $P=\frac{{E}_{0}{I}_{0}}{2}$

(4) P = 0

Subtopic:  Different Types of AC Circuits |
74%
From NCERT
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A resistance of $$20~ \mathrm{ohms}$$ is connected to a source of an alternating potential, $$V=220sin(100 \pi t).$$ The time taken by the current to change from its peak value to its r.m.s value will be:

 1 $$0.2~ \mathrm{sec}$$ 2 $$0.25~ \mathrm{sec}$$ 3 $$25 \times10^{-3}~ \mathrm{sec}$$ 4 $$2.5 \times10^{-3}~ \mathrm{sec}$$
Subtopic:  RMS & Average Values |
65%
From NCERT
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An alternating current of frequency ‘f’ is flowing in a circuit containing a resistance R and a choke L in series. The impedance of this circuit will be:

1. R + 2πfL

2. $\sqrt{{R}^{2}+4{\pi }^{2}{f}^{2}{L}^{2}}$

3. $\sqrt{{R}^{2}+{L}^{2}}$

4. $\sqrt{{R}^{2}+2\pi fL}$

Subtopic:  Different Types of AC Circuits |
88%
From NCERT
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A resistance of 300 Ω and an inductance of $\frac{1}{\pi }$ henry are connected in series to an ac voltage of 20 volts and a 200 Hz frequency. The phase angle between the voltage and current will be:

1. ${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{4}{3}$

2. ${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{3}{4}$

3. ${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{3}{2}$

4. ${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{2}{5}$

Subtopic:  Different Types of AC Circuits |
80%
From NCERT
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