The cells of the quiescent centre are characterised by
(1) having dense cytoplasm and prominent nuclei
(2) having light cytoplasm and small nuclei
(3) dividing regularly to add to the corpus
(4) dividing regularly to add to tunica
(2) In the apices of some roots, (e.g., Zea mays, maize), there is a central region of cells which normally does not divide.This central inactive region was called quiescent centre by F.A.L. Clowes (1959, 1961). The cells of this region have lesser amounts of RNA and DNA so they have small nuclei. These cells also have a lower rae of protein syntheis. Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum are less developed. The cells of the quiescent centre are usually inactive. However, if already existing meristematic cells are injured or become inactive due to any other reason, the cells of quiescent centre become active.