Which of the following match is correct?
1. Emphysema : reduction of surface area of alveoli and bronchi
2. Pneumonia : occupational disease with asbestos
3. Silicosis : inflammation of alveoli
4. Asthma : excessive secretion of bronchial mucus
When a man inhales air containing normal concentration of O2 as well as CO he suffers from suffocation because
(1) CO reacts with O2 reducing its percentage in air
(2) haemoglobin combines with CO instead of O2 and forms carboxyhaemoglobin
(3) CO affects diaphragm and intercostal muscles
(4) CO affects the nerves of the lungs.
Respiration is controlled by
1. medulla oblongata
Chemosensitive area of respiratory centre medulla is affected by
1. less CO2 and H+ ions
2. less O2 and H+ ions
3. excess CO2 and H+ ions
4. excess O2 and H+ ions.
Oxygen binding to haemoglobin in blood is
1. directly proportional to the concentration of CO2 in the medium
2. inversely proportional to the concentration of CO2 in the medium
3. directly proportional to the concentration of CO in the medium
4. independent of the concentration of CO in the medium.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) diffuses into blood from tissue site and passes to alveolar site in the form of
1. bicarbonate; 70%
2. bicarbonate; 20 - 25%
3. carbaminohaemoglobin; 60 - 70%
4. carbaminohaemoglobin; 7%.
Hiccups can be best described as
(1) forceful sudden expiration
(2) forceful contraction of intercostal muscles during deep breathing
(3) vibration of the soft palate during breathing while sleeping
(4) jerky incomplete inspiration.
The volume of 'anatomical dead space’ air is normally
(1) 230 mL
(2) 210 mL
(3) 190 mL
(4) 150 mL.
Oxyhaemoglobin dissociates into oxygen and deoxyhaemoglobin at
1. low O2, pressure in tissue
2. high O2, pressure in tissue
3. equal O2, pressure inside and outside tissue
4. all times irrespective of O2, pressure
A person sitting at rest experiences a temporary cessation of breathing after forced deep breathing for a few minutes.This is due to:-
(1) too much CO2 in the blood
(2) too much O2 in the blood
(3) very little CO2 in the blood
(4) both high O2 and very little CO2 in the blood