NEET Botany Biological Classification Questions Solved

The organelle common among prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell is

(1) centrosome

(2) ribosome

(3) peroxisome

(4) glyoxisome

Audio Explanation:

(2) Ribosome are the particle of ribonucleoprotein, which is the site of translation of mRNA into protein during protein synthesis. Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes have ribosomes but prokaryotic ribosomes are smaller than the eukaryotic ribosomes and are assembled from different RNA and protein molecules. Prokaryotes have only one type of RNA i.e., 70s type while the eukaryotic ribosomes are of two types i.e., 70s type and 80s. Centrosome, peroxisomes and glyoxisomes are the cell organelles present in eukaryotic cells.



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