Q.19 Give the full form of ELISA. Which disease can be detected using it? Discuss the principle underlying the test.
ELISA stands for Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay. It is used for the detection of (HIV) AIDS disease.
ELISA is based on the principle of antigen-antibody interaction. Infection by pathogen can be detected by the presence of antigens (proteins, glycoprotieins, etc.) or by detecting the antibodies synthesised by the host against the pathogen.