Replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction without fertilisation is called apomixis. e.g., replacement of the flower by buibils and replacement
of the seed by a plant.
Apomiticaily produced offsprings are genetically identical to the parent plant. in flowering plants, apomixis is used in a restricted sense to mean angiosperm, /e., asexual reproduction through seeds.
In some plant species it is common, e.g., Asteraceae, Poaceae. In some species, the dipioid egg ceil is formed without reduction division and develops into embryo without fortilisation. It is an asexual reproduction in the absence of pollinators such as in extreme environments.
In some species like cilrus, some of the nucellar cells surrounding the embryo sac start dividing and develop into embryo. It occurs in the megaspore mother cell does not undergo meiosis, thus produces diploid embryo sac through mitotic divisions.
Thus, it explains that, embryo sacs of some apomictic species appear normal, but produce diploid cells.