Q.15 Are pollination and fertilisation necessary in apomixis? Give reasons.

Pollination and fertilisation are not necessary for apomixis. The reasons in support of this and given below
(i) Embryo sac can develop from megaspore without reduction division the egg is diploid and develops into embryo.
(ii) Embryo sac can also develop from diploid nucellus cells in which case egg is diploid that develop into embryo parthenogenetically.