The phenomenon wherein, the ovary develops into a fruit without fertilisation is called

1. parthenocarpy           

2. apomixis

3. asexual reproduction

4. sexual reproduction


(a) Parthenocarpy (Gk. Parthenos-virgin; Karpos-fruit) is the formation of seed less fruits without fertilisation. The fruits developed from unfertilised ovary are called parthenocarpic fruits. Other options are incorrect because

(i) In asexual reproduction, a single individual (parent) is capable of producing offspring.

(li) For apomixis and sexual reproduction.

Page 37, XII NCERT