Organisms living in salty areas are called as
1.  methanogens

2.  halophiles

3.  heliophytes

4.  thermoacidophiles

(b) Halophiles are organisms that live in areas of high concentration of salts. The name halophiles is originated from the greek word that means ‘salt loving’.
Heliophytes are the plants that grow best in sunlight and can not survive in salty conditions.
Methanogens are the bacteria that produces methane as a metabolic by products in anaerobic conditions.
Thermoacidophiles are archaebacteria striving under strong acidic environments and high temperatures, but can not tolerate high salt concentrations around them.