On heating compound (A) gives a gas (B) which is a constituent of air. This gas when treated with 3 moles of hydrogen (H2) in the presence of a catalyst gives
another gas (C) which is basic in nature. Gas C on further oxidation in moist condition gives a compound (D) which is a part of acid rain. Identify compounds (A) to (D)
and also give necessary equations of all the steps involved.
The main constituents of air are nitrogen (78%) and oxygen (21%). Only N2 reacts with three moles of H2 in the presence of a catalyst to give NH3 (ammonia) which is a gas having basic nature. On oxidation, NH3 gives NO2 which Is a part of acid rain. So, the compounds A to D are as
A = NH4NO2 ; B = N2 ; C = NH3 ; D = HNO3
Reactions involved can be given, as