The wings of a bird and the wings of an insect are:

1. Homologous structures, represent divergent evolution
2. Analogous structures, represent convergent evolution
3. Phylogenetic structures, represent divergent evolution
4. Homologous structures, represent convergent evolution

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 85%
From NCERT
NEET - 2015
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Forelimbs of cat, lizard used in walking; forelimbs of whale used in swimming and forelimbs of bats used in flying are an example of:

1. Analogous organs

2. Adaptive radiation

3. Homologous organs

4. Convergent evolution

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 1 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 81%
AIPMT - 2014
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Which one of the following are analogous structures?

1. Wing of Bat and Wings of Pigeon

2. Gills of Prawn and Lungs of Man

3. Thorns of Bougainvillea and Tendrils of Cucurbita

4. Flippers of Dolphin and Legs of Horse.

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
AIPMT - 2014
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The eye of the octopus and the eye of the cat show different patterns of structure, yet they perform a similar function. This is an example of:

1. Homologous organs that have evolved due to divergent evolution.
2. Analogous organs that have evolved due to convergent evolution.
3. Analogous organs that have evolved due to divergent evolution.
4. Homologous organs that have evolved due to convergent evolution.

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 1 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 89%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2013
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The process by which organisms with different evolutionary history evolve similar phenotypic adaptations in response to a common environmental challenge is called:
1. Convergent evolution
2. Non-random evolution
3. Adaptive radiation
4. Natural selection
Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 67%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2013
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The finch species of Galapagos Islands are grouped according to their food sources. Which of the following is not a finch food?
1. Carrion
2. Insects
3. Tree buds
4. Seeds
Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 65%
NEET - 2013
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Evolution of different species in a given area starting from a point and spreading to other geographical areas is known as:

1. Adaptive radiation

2. Natural selection

3. Migration

4. Divergent evolution

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 83%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2012
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Which one of the following options gives one correct example of convergent evolution and divergent evolution?

Convergent Evolution Divergent Evolution
1. Eyes of octopus and mammals Bones of forelimbs of vertebrates
2. Thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils Cucurbita Wings of butterflies and birds
3. Bones of forelimbs of vertebrates Wings of butterfly and birds
4. Thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils of Cucurbita Eyes of Octopus and mammals
Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 85%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2012
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Darwin's finches are a good example of:

1. industrial melanism

2. connecting link

3. adaptive radiation

4. convergent evolution

Subtopic:  Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence: 2 | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 89%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2010
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Given below are four statements (A-D) each with one or two blanks. Select the option which correctly fills up the blanks in two statements

Statements:

(A) Wings of butterflies and birds look alike and are the results of ____(i), evolution
(B) Miller showed that CH4, H2, NH3, and ____(i), when exposed to electric discharge in a flask resulted in the formation of ____(ii).
(C) Vermiform appendix is a ____(i) organ and an ____(ii) evidence pf evolution.
(D) According to Darwin evolution took place due to ____(i)and ____(ii) of the fittest.
 

Options:

1. (A) - (i) convergent, (B) - (ii) oxygen, (ii) nucleosides
2. (B) - (i) water vapour, (ii) amino acids, (C) - (i) rudimentary (ii) anatomical
3. (C) - (i) vestigial, (ii) anatomical, (D) - (i) mutations, (ii) multiplication
4. (D) - (i) small variations, (ii) survival, (A) - (i) convergent

Subtopic:  Darwin's Theory | Summary of Darwin's Theory | Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence |
 57%
From NCERT
AIPMT - 2010
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