It is said that elemental composition of living organisms and that of inanimate objects (like earth’s crust) are similar in the sense that all the major elements are present in both. Then what would be the difference between these two groups? Choose a correct answer from among the following.
 

1. Living organisms have more gold in them than inanimate objects
2. Living organisms have more water in their body than inanimate objects
3. Living organisms have more carbon, oxygen and hydrogen per unit mass than inanimate objects
4. Living organisms have more calcium in them than inanimate objects

Subtopic:  Element Analysis |
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Many elements are found in living organisms either free or in the form of compounds. One of the following is not found in living organisms.

1. Silicon

2. Magnesium

3. Iron

4. Sodium

Subtopic:  Element Analysis |
 88%
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Amino acids have both an amino group and a carboxyl group in their structure. Which amongst the following is an amino acid?

1. Formic acid

2. Glycerol

3. Glycolic acid

4. Glycine

Subtopic:  Amino Acids |
 86%
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An amino acid under certain conditions has both positive and negative charges simultaneously in the same molecule. Such a form of amino acid is called

1. acidic form

2. basic form

3. aromatic form

4. zwitterionic form

Subtopic:  Amino Acids |
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5. Which of the following sugars howe the same number of carbon as present in glucose?

1. Fructose

2. Erythrose

3. Ribulose

4. Ribose

Subtopic:  Carbohydrates |
 84%
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When we homogenise any tissue in an acid, the acid-soluble pool represents

1. cytoplasm 

2. cell membrane

3. nucleus

4. mitochondria

Subtopic:  Element Analysis |
 81%
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The most abundant chemical in living organisms could be

1.  protein 

2.  water

3.  sugar

4.  nucleic acid

 

Subtopic:  Element Analysis |
 83%
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A homopolymer has only one type of building block called monomer repeated ‘n’ number of times. A heteropolymer has more than one type of monomer. Proteins are heteropolymers usually made of

1.  20 types of monomers

2.  40 types of monomers

3.  30 types of monomers

4.  only one type of monomer

 

Subtopic:  Proteins |
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Proteins perform many physiological functions. For example, some functions as enzymes. One of the following represents an additional function that some proteins discharge

1.  Antibiotics

2.  Pigment conferring colour to skin

3.  Pigments making coloursof flowers

4.  Hormones

 

Subtopic:  Proteins |
 63%
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Glycogen is a homopolymer made of

1.  glucose units

2.  galactose units

3.  ribose units

4.  amino acids

 

 

Subtopic:  Carbohydrates |
 88%
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