\({ }_{82}^{290} X \xrightarrow{\alpha} Y \xrightarrow{e^{+}} Z \xrightarrow{\beta^{-}} P \xrightarrow{e^{-}} Q\)
In the nuclear emission stated above, the mass number and atomic number of the product \(Q\) respectively, are:
1. \(286,80\)
2. \(288,82\)
3. \(286,81\)
4. \(280,81\)

Subtopic:  Types of Decay |
 63%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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The ratio of nuclear densities and nuclear volumes of \(^{56}_{26}\mathrm{Fe}\) and \(^{4}_{2}\mathrm{He}\) are, respectively:
1. \(13:1\) and \(14:1\)
2. \(14:1\) and \(1:1\)
3. \(1:1\) and \(14:1\)
4. \(1:1\) and \(13:1\)
Subtopic:  Nucleus |
 77%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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An excited heavy nucleus \(^A_Z \mathrm{X}\) emits radiations in the following sequence:
\(^A_Z \mathrm{X}\rightarrow ^{A-4}_{Z-2}\mathrm{D_1}\rightarrow ^{A-4}_{Z-1}\mathrm{D_2}\rightarrow ^{A-8}_{Z-3}\mathrm{D_3}\rightarrow ^{A-8}_{Z-4}\mathrm{D_4}\rightarrow ^{A-8}_{Z-4}\mathrm{D_5}\)
where \(Z,A\) are the atomic and mass number of element \(\mathrm{X},\) respectively. The possible emitted particles or radiations in the sequence, respectively are: 
1. \(e^+, \alpha, e^-, \alpha , \gamma \)
2. \(e^-, \alpha, e^+, \alpha , \gamma \)
3. \(\alpha ,e^-, \alpha, e^+, \gamma \)
4. \(\alpha ,e^+, \alpha, e^-, \gamma \)
Subtopic:  Types of Decay |
 65%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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Water is used as a coolant in a nuclear reactor because of its:
1. high thermal expansion coefficient
2. high specific heat capacity
3. low density
4. low boiling point
Subtopic:  Nuclear Binding Energy |
 78%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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Select the correct statements among the following:
A. slow neutrons can cause fission in \(U_{92}^{235}\) than fast neutrons.
B. \(\text{α-rays}\) are helium nuclei.
C. \(\text{β-rays}\) are fast-moving electrons or positrons.
D. \(\gamma-\text{rays}\) are electromagnetic radiations of wavelengths larger than X-rays.
Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:
1. A, B, and C only
2. A, B, and D only
3. A and B only
4. C and D only

 
Subtopic:  Nuclear Binding Energy |
 64%
From NCERT
NEET - 2024
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A nucleus of mass number \(189\) splits into two nuclei having mass numbers \(125\) and \(64.\) The ratio of the radius of two daughter nuclei respectively is:
1. \(25:16\) 2. \(1:1\)
3. \(4:5\) 4. \(5:4\)
Subtopic:  Nucleus |
 81%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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In the given nuclear reaction, the element \(\mathrm{X}\) is:

\({ }_{11}^{22} \mathrm{Na} \rightarrow \mathrm{X}+\mathrm{e}^{+}+\nu\)
1. \({ }_{12}^{22} \mathrm{Mg}\)
2. \({ }_{11}^{23} \mathrm{Na}\)
3. \({ }_{10}^{23} \mathrm{Ne}\)
4. \(_{10}^{22}\textrm{Ne}\)
Subtopic:  Types of Decay |
 65%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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A radioactive nucleus \(_{\mathrm{Z}}^{\mathrm{A}}\mathrm{X}\) undergoes spontaneous decay in the sequence \(_{\mathrm{Z}}^{\mathrm{A}}\mathrm{X}\rightarrow \mathrm{B}_{\mathrm{Z-1}}\rightarrow \mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{Z-3}}\rightarrow \mathrm{D}_{\mathrm{Z-2}}\) where \(\mathrm{Z}\) is the atomic number of element \(\mathrm{X}\). The possible decay particles in the sequence are: 
1. \(\beta^{+}, ~\alpha, ~\beta^{-}\) 2. \(\beta^{-}, ~\alpha, ~\beta^{+}\)
3. \(\alpha, ~\beta^{-},~\beta^{+}\) 4. \(\alpha, ~\beta^{+},~\beta^{-}\)
Subtopic:  Types of Decay |
 70%
From NCERT
NEET - 2021
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A nucleus with mass number \(240\) breaks into fragments each of mass number \(120\). The binding energy per nucleon of unfragmented nuclei is \(7.6~\text{MeV}\) while that of fragments is \(8.5~\text{MeV}\). The total gain in the binding energy in the process is:
1. \(804~\text{MeV}\)
2. \(216~\text{MeV}\)
3. \(0.9~\text{MeV}\)
4. \(9.4~\text{MeV}\)

Subtopic:  Nuclear Binding Energy |
 63%
From NCERT
NEET - 2021
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What happens to the mass number and the atomic number of an element when it emits \(\gamma\text{-}\)radiation?

1. mass number decreases by four and atomic number decreases by two.
2. mass number and atomic number remain unchanged.
3. mass number remains unchanged while the atomic number decreases by one.
4. mass number increases by four and the atomic number increases by two.
Subtopic:  Types of Decay |
 83%
From NCERT
NEET - 2020
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