The diagram represents a concave mirror, where $$F$$ is the principal focus and $$f$$ is the focal length. The mirror is used to produce an image of an object.

Which of the following statements are correct?
(Assume the mirror is parabolic.)
 (A) Incident rays travelling parallel to the principal axis always pass through $$F$$ after reflection. (B) Incident rays passing through $$F$$ always travel parallel to the principal axis after reflection. (C) The image formed is always inverted. (D) The image formed is always real. (E) The image formed is always larger than the object.

 1 (A) and (C) only 2 (C), (D) and (E) only 3 (B) and (D) only 4 (A) and (B) only
Subtopic:  Reflection at Spherical Surface |
82%
From NCERT
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An observer is using an astronomical refracting telescope to observe planets in normal adjustment. The focal lengths of the objective and eyepiece used in the telescope construction are $$20$$ m and $$2$$ cm respectively. Consider the following statements about the telescope:
 (a) the distance between the objective and the eyepiece is $$20.02$$ m. (b) the magnification of the telescope is $$-1000$$. (c) the image of the planet is erect and diminished. (d) the aperture of the eyepiece is smaller than that of the objective.
The correct statements are:
 1 (a), (b), and (c) 2 (b), (c), and (d) 3 (c), (d), and (a) 4 (a), (b), and (d)
Subtopic:  Telescope |
64%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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Match the corresponding entries of Column-1 with Column-2. (Where $$m$$ is the magnification produced by the mirror)

 Column-1 Column-2 A. $$m= -2$$ I. convex mirror B. $$m= -\frac{1}{2}$$ II. concave mirror C. $$m= +2$$ III. real Image D. $$m= +\frac{1}{2}$$ IV. virtual Image

 A B C D 1. I & III I & IV I & II III & IV 2. I & IV II & III II & IV II & III 3. III & IV II & IV II & III I & IV 4. II & III II & III II & IV I & IV
Subtopic:  Reflection at Spherical Surface |
75%
From NCERT
NEET - 2016
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There are certain materials developed in laboratories that have a negative refractive index (figure). A ray incident from the air (medium-$$1$$) into such a medium (medium-$$2$$) shall follow a path given by:

 1 2 3 4
Subtopic:  Refraction at Plane Surface |
52%
From NCERT
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Given below are two statements:

 Assertion (A): ​ A double convex lens ($$\mu=1.5$$) has focal length $$10$$ cm. When the lens is immersed in water $$(\mu=\frac{4}{3})$$ its focal length becomes $$20$$ cm.​ Reason (R): $$\frac{1}{f}=\frac{\mu_l-\mu_m}{\mu_m}(\frac{1}{R_1}-\frac{1}{R_2})$$

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 Both (A) and (R) are false.

Subtopic:  Refraction at Curved Surface |
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Given below are two statements:

 Assertion (A): The formula connecting u, v and f for a spherical mirror is valid only for mirrors whose sizes are very small compared to their radii of curvature. Reason (R): Laws of reflection are strictly valid for plane surfaces, but not for large spherical mirrors.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 Both (A) and (R) are false.
Subtopic:  Reflection at Spherical Surface |
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Given below are two statements:

 Assertion (A): A beam of white light passing through a thin hollow prism does not give spectrum. Reason (R): The speed of light inside and outside the prism is same.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 Both (A) and (R) are false.
Subtopic:  Prisms |
57%
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Given below are two statements:

 Assertion (A): When white light is incident on a prism it will disperse. Reason (R): The refractive index of a medium depends on the wavelength of light.

 1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). 2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 3 (A) is true but (R) is false. 4 Both (A) and (R) are false.
Subtopic:  Prisms |
60%
From NCERT
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Suppose that the lower half of the concave mirror’s reflecting surface in the given figure is covered with an opaque (non-reflective) material. What effect will this have on the image of an object placed in front of the mirror?

 1 the image will show only half of the object 2 the image will show the whole of the object 3 the intensity of the image will be low 4 both (2) and (3)
Subtopic:  Reflection at Spherical Surface |
76%
From NCERT
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A mobile phone lies along the principal axis of a concave mirror, as shown in the figure. Then,

 1 the magnification is not uniform due to the length of the object along the principal axis. 2 the distortion of the image depends on the location of the phone with respect to the mirror. 3 both (1) and (2) 4 none of these

Subtopic:  Reflection at Spherical Surface |
85%
From NCERT
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