NEET and AIPMT NEET Physics Electromagnetic Waves MCQ Questions Solved


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NEET - 2017

In an electromagnetic wave in free space the root mean square value of the electric field is Erms=6 V/m. The peak value of the magnetic field is 

(a) 1.41×10-8T

(b) 2.83×10-8T

(c) 0.70×10-8T

(d) 4.23×10-8 T 

(b) Given root mean square value of electric field,

                Erms= 6 V/m

We know that, peak value of electric field, 

   Eo=2Erms

  Eo=2×6 V/m

Also, we know that, c=EoBo

where, c= speed of light in vacuum 

Bo= peak value of magnetic field 

   Bo=2×63×108   Bo=8.483×10-8   Bo=2.83×10-8 T

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NEET - 2016

 

Out of the following options which one can be used to produce a propagating electromagnetic wave?

(a) A stationary charge               (b) A chargeless particle

(c) An accelerating charge          (d) A charge moving at constant velocity

 

(c) An electric charge at rest has electric field in the region around it, but no magnetic field. A moving charge produces both the electric and magnetic fields. If a charge is moving with a constant velocity, the electric and magnetic fields will not change with time, hence no EM wave will be produced. But if the charge is moving with a non-zero acceleration, both the electric and magnetic field will change will space and time, it then produced EM wave. This shows that accelerated charge emits electromagnetic waves.

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NEET - 2015

The energy of the EM wave is of the order of 15 KeV. To which part of the spectrum does it belong?

(a)X-rays

(b)Infrared rays

(c)Ultraviolet rays

(d)γ-rays

Given energy of EM waves is of the order of 15keV
i.e. E=hv=h x cλ

=>λ=h x ce

=6.624x10-34 x 3x1018/15 x 10x 1.6x10-19

=1.3248 x 10-29/1.6x10-19

=0.828x10-10m

=0.828Å [∴1Å=10-10m]

λ=0.828Å

Thus, this spectrum is a part of X-rays.

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NEET - 2013

The condition under which a microwave oven heats up a food item containing water molecules most efficiently in

(a) the frequency of the microwave must match the resonant frequency of the water molecules

(b) the frequency of the microwave  has no relation with natural frequency of water molecules

(c) microwave are heat waves, so always produce heating

(d) infrared waves produce heating in a microwave oven
 

(a) It is electromagnetive wave,therefore the correct choice is (a).

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NEET - 2012

The electric field associated with an electro magnetic wave in vacuum is given by E= 40coskz-6×108t,where E,z and t are in volt/m, metre and second respectively.The value of wave vector k is 

(a) 2 m-1                               (b) 0.5 m-1

(c) 6 m-1                               (d) 3 m-1             

Electromagnetic wave equation

          E=E0coskz-ωt                                 ...(i)

Speed of electromagnetic wave v=ωk

Given, equation

E=40coskz-6×108t                                  ...(ii)

Comparing Eqs.(i) and (ii), we get

          ω=6×108

and    E0=40

Here, wave factor k=ωv=6×1083×108=2m-1

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NEET - 2012

The ratio of amplitude of magnetic field to the amplitude of electric field for an electromagnetic wave propagating in vacuum 

is equal to

(a) the speed of light in vacuum

(b) reciprocal of speed of light in vacuum

(c) the ratio of magnetic permeability to the

electric susceptibility of vacuum

(d) unity

As E=cB

so required ratioEB=cBE=1c

Therefore, the ratio of amplitude of magnetic field

to the amplitude of electric field for an electromagnetic

wave propagating in vacuum is equal to reciprocal

of speed of light.

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