A steel wire of length 4.7 m and cross-sectional area 3.0 × 10-5 m2 is stretched by the same amount as a copper wire of length 3.5 m and cross-sectional area of 4.0 × 10-5 m2under a given load. The ratio of Young’s modulus of steel to that of copper is:

1 1.79 : 12 1: 1.793 1: 14 1.97 : 1

Subtopic:  Young's modulus |
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The figure shows the stress-strain curve for a given material. The approximate yield strength for this material is:
         

1. 3×108 N m-2
2. 2×108 N m-2
3. 4×108 N m-2
4. 1.0×108 N m-2

Subtopic:  Stress - Strain Curve |
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The stress-strain graphs for materials A and B are shown in the figure. Young’s modulus of material A is (the graphs are drawn to the same scale):


1. equal to material B
2. less than material B
3. greater than material B
4. can't say

Subtopic:  Stress - Strain Curve |
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The stress-strain graphs for materials A and B are shown in the figure. Strength of material A is (the graphs are drawn to the same scale):

 

 

1 greater than material B2 equal to material B3 less than material B4 insufficient data

 

Subtopic:  Stress - Strain Curve |
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Two wires of diameter 0.25 cm, one made of steel and the other made of brass are loaded, as shown in the figure. The unloaded length of the steel wire is 1.5 m and that of the brass wire is 1.0 m. The elongation of the steel wire will be:

(Given that Young's modulus of the steel, \(Y_S=2 \times 10^{11}~Pa\) and Young's modulus of brass, \(Y_B=1 \times 10^{11}~Pa\))

         

1. 1.5×10-4 
2. 0.5×10-4 
3. 3.5×10-4 
4. 2.5×10-4 m

Subtopic:  Young's modulus |
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The edge of an aluminium cube is 10 cm long. One face of the cube is firmly fixed to a vertical wall. A mass of 100 kg is then attached to the opposite face of the cube. The shear modulus of aluminium is 25 GPa. What is the vertical deflection of this face?

1. 4.86×10-6 m
2. 3.92×10-7 m
3. 3.01×10-6 m
4. 6.36×10-7 m

Subtopic:  Shear and bulk modulus |
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Four identical hollow cylindrical columns of mild steel support a big structure of a mass of 50,000 kg. The inner and outer radii of each column are 30 cm and 60 cm respectively. Assuming the load distribution to be uniform, the compressional strain of each column is:
(Given, Young's modulus of steel, Y=2×1011 Pa)
1. 3.03×10-7
2. 2.8×10-6
3. 7.22×10-7
4. 4.34×10-6

Subtopic:  Young's modulus |
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A steel cable with a radius of 1.5 cm supports a chairlift at a ski area. If the maximum stress is not to exceed 108 N/m2, what is the maximum load that the cable can support?
1. 7.06 x 104 N
2. 5.03 x 104 N
3. 1.09 x 104 N
4. 17 x 104 N

Subtopic:  Stress - Strain |
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A 14.5 kg mass, fastened to the end of a steel wire of unstretched length 1.0 m, is whirled in a vertical circle with an angular velocity of 2 rev/s at the bottom of the circle. The cross-sectional area of the wire is 0.065 cm2. The elongation of the wire when the mass is at the lowest point of its path is:

1. 7.01×10-3 m

2. 2.35×10-3 m

3. 1.87×10-3 m

4. 3.31×10-3 m

 

 

Subtopic:  Young's modulus |
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What is the density of water at a depth where pressure is 80.0 atm, given that its density
at the surface is 1.03×103 kg m-3?

1. 0.021×103 kg m-3
2. 4.022×105 kg m-3
3. 3.034×104 kg m-3
4. 1.034×103 kg m-3

Subtopic:  Shear and bulk modulus |
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