If a force $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{F}}=\left(3\hat{\mathrm{i}}+4\hat{\mathrm{j}}-5\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)$ unit acts on a box and the displacement of the box is$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{d}}=\left(5\hat{\mathrm{i}}+4\hat{\mathrm{j}}+3\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)$ unit, the angle between force and displacement is:

1. ${\mathrm{cos}}^{-1}\left(0.32\right)$

2. $\frac{\mathrm{\pi}}{2}$

3. 0

4. ${\mathrm{cos}}^{-1}\left(0.2\right)$

Subtopic: Concept of Work |

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It is well known that a raindrop falls under the influence of the downward gravitational force and the opposing resistive force. The latter is known to be proportional to the speed of the drop but is otherwise undetermined. Consider a drop of mass 1.00 g falling from a height of 1.00 km. It hits the ground with a speed of 50.0 m/s. Work done by the gravitational force and work done by the unknown resistive force respectively are:

1. - 8.75 J and 10 J

2. 10 J and - 8.75 J

3. 0 J and 2.26 J

4. -10 J and -10 J

Subtopic: Concept of Work |

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A cyclist comes to a skidding stop in 10 m. During this process, the force on the cycle due to the road is 200 N and is directly opposed to the motion. Work done by the road on the cycle and work done by the cycle on the road respectively are:

1. - 2000 J and 2000 J

2. 2000 J and - 2000 J

3. 0 J and 2000 J

4. - 2000 J and 0 J

Subtopic: Concept of Work |

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In a ballistics demonstration, a police officer fires a bullet of mass 50.0 g with speed 200 m/s on soft plywood of thickness 2.00 cm. The bullet emerges with only 10% of its initial kinetic energy. The emergent speed of the bullet is:

1. 0 m/s

2. 53.2 m/s

3. 63.2 m/s

4. 6.32 m/s

Subtopic: Work Energy Theorem |

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A woman pushes a trunk on a railway platform which has a rough surface. She applies a force of 100 N over a distance of 10 m. Thereafter, she gets progressively tired and her applied force reduces linearly with distance to 50 N. The total distance through which the trunk has been moved is 20 m. Plot of force applied by the woman and the frictional force, which is 50 N versus displacement is given below. Work done by the two forces over 20 m are:

1. 1750 J and -1000 J

2. 1750 J and 1000 J

3. -1750 J and 1000 J

4. -1750 J and -1000 J

Subtopic: Work Done by Variable Force |

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A block of mass m = 1 kg, moving on a horizontal surface with speed ${\mathrm{v}}_{\mathrm{i}}$ = 2 m/s enters a rough patch ranging from x = 0.10 m to x = 2.01 m. The retarding force ${\mathrm{F}}_{\mathrm{r}}$ on the block in this range is inversely proportional to x over this range,

${\mathrm{F}}_{\mathrm{r}}=\frac{-\mathrm{k}}{\mathrm{x}}$ for 0.1 < x < 2.01 m

= 0 for x < 0.1m and x > 2.01 m

where k = 0.5 J. What is the final kinetic energy and speed ${\mathrm{v}}_{\mathrm{f}}$ of the block as it crosses this patch?

1. 5 J and 1 m/s

2. 1 J and 5 m/s

3. 0.5 J and 1 m/s

4. 0.05 J and 2 m/s

Subtopic: Work Energy Theorem |

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A bob of mass m is suspended by a light string of length L. It is imparted a horizontal velocity ${\mathrm{v}}_{0}$ at the lowest point A such that it completes a semi-circular trajectory in the vertical plane with the string becoming slack only on reaching the topmost point, the horizontal velocity ${\mathrm{v}}_{0}$ is:

1. $\sqrt{5\mathrm{gl}}$

2. $\sqrt{4\mathrm{gl}}$

3. $\sqrt{3\mathrm{gl}}$

4. $\sqrt{\mathrm{gl}}$

Subtopic: Work Energy Theorem |

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A bob of mass m is suspended by a light string of length L. It is imparted a horizontal velocity ${\mathrm{v}}_{0}$ at the lowest point A such that it completes a semi-circular trajectory in the vertical plane with the string becoming slack only on reaching the topmost point, the ratio of the kinetic energies ${\mathrm{K}}_{\mathrm{B}}/{\mathrm{K}}_{\mathrm{C}}$ at points B and C is:

1. 1:3

2. 3:1

3. 1:5

4. 5:1

Subtopic: Work Energy Theorem |

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A bob of mass m is suspended by a light string of length L. It is imparted a horizontal velocity ${\mathrm{v}}_{0}$ at the lowest point A such that it completes a semi-circular trajectory in the vertical plane with the string becoming slack only on reaching the topmost point. If the connecting string is cut at point C, the trajectory of bob is:

1. Straight line

2. Circular

3. Projectile

4. Can't be determined

Subtopic: Work Energy Theorem |

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To simulate car accidents, auto manufacturers study the collisions of moving cars with mounted springs of different spring constants. Consider a typical simulation with a car of mass 1000 kg moving with a speed 18.0 km/h on a smooth road and colliding with a horizontally mounted spring of spring constant $6.25\times {10}^{3}$ N/m. The maximum compression in the spring is:

1. 3 m

2. 0.2 m

3. 1 m

4. 2 m

Subtopic: Elastic Potential Energy |

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