We measure the period of oscillation of a simple pendulum. In successive measurements, the readings turn out to be 2.63 s, 2.56 s, 2.42 s, 2.71 s and 2.80 s. The average absolute error and percentage error, respectively, are:

1.  0.22 s and 4

2.  0.11 s and 4

3.  4 and 0.11 s

4.  5 and 0.22 s

Subtopic:  Measurement & Measuring Devices |
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The temperatures of two bodies measured by a thermometer are

t1 = 20 oC ± 0.5 oC and t2 = 50 oC ± 0.5 oC.

The temperature difference with permissible error is:

1.  31 oC ± 0.5 oC 

2.  30 oC ± 1.0 oC 

3.  30 oC ± 0.0oC 

4.  30 oC ± 1.5 oC 

Subtopic:  Errors |
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The resistance R = VI where V = (100 ± 5)V and = (10 ± 0.2)A. The percentage error in R is:

1.  5%

2.  2%

3.  7%

4.  3%

Subtopic:  Errors |
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Two resistors of resistances R1 = 100 ± 3 ohm and R2 = 200 ± 4 ohm are connected in series, the equivalent resistance of the series combination is:

1.  (300 ± 7) ohm

2.  (300 ± 1) ohm

3.  (300 ± 0) ohm

4.  (100 ± 1) ohm

Subtopic:  Errors |
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Two resistors of resistances R1 = 100 ± 3 ohm and R2 = 200 ± 4 ohm are connected in parallel. The equivalent resistance of the parallel combination is:

1.  (300 ± 7) ohm

2.  (66.7 ± 7) ohm

3.  (66.7 ± 1.8) ohm

4.  (100 ± 1) ohm

Subtopic:  Errors |
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The relative error in Z, if Z = A4B1/3CD3/2 is: 

1.  AA+BB +CC+DD

2.  4AA+13BB -CC-32DD

3.  4AA+13BB +CC+23DD

4.  4AA+13BB +CC+32DD

Subtopic:  Errors |
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The period of oscillation of a simple pendulum is T =2πLg. Measured value of L is 20.0 cm known to 1 mm accuracy and time for 100 oscillations of the pendulum is found to be 90 s using a wrist watch of 1 s resolution. The percentage error in is:

1.  2%

2.  3%

3.  5%

4.  0%

Subtopic:  Errors |
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Each side of a cube is measured to be 7.203 m. What are the total surface area and the volume respectively of the cube to appropriate significant figures?

1.  373.7 m3 and 311.3 m2

2. 311.3 m2 and 373.7 m3 

3.  311.2992 m2 and 373.7147 m3

4.  373.7147 m3 and  311.2992 m2

Subtopic:  Significant Figures |
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5.74 g of a substance occupies 1.2 cm3. Its density by keeping the significant figures in view is:

1.  4.7333 g/cm3

2.  3.8 g/cm3

3.  4.8 g/cm3

4.  3.7833 g/cm3

Subtopic:  Dimensions |
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The SI unit of energy is J = kgm2s-2; that of speed v is ms-1 and of acceleration a is ms-2. Which of the formula for kinetic energy (K) given below can you rule out on the basis of dimensional arguments (m stands for the mass of the body)?

(a) K = m2v3

(b) K = 1/2mv2

(c) K = ma

(d) K = (3/16)mv2

(e) K = (1/2)mv2+ma

 

1.  (a), (c) & (d)

2.  (b) & (d)

3.  (a), (c), (d) & (e)

4.  (a), (c) & (e)

Subtopic:  Dimensions |
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