Assertion(A): The unmodified (functioning) allele, which represents the original phenotype is the dominant allele.
Reason(R): The modified allele is generally the recessive allele.
Choices for Assertions and reasons:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2. Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4. (A) is false, but (R) is true.