At which step, glycolysis reaches the break-even point: 2
molecules of ATP consumed, and 2 new molecules synthesized ?
1. Splitting of fructose-6-phosphate to two trioses
2. Conversion of 1,3 bi-phosphoglycerate to 3 phosphoglycerate
3. Coversion of GADP to 1,3 biphosphoglycerate
4. Conversion of DHAP to GADP
Under which condition would you expect the mitochondrial proton gradient to be highest and therefore ATP synthesis to proceed?
1. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (high)
2. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (low)
3. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (absent)-ATP levels (high)
4. pyruvate (absent)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (low)
Plants can get along without respiratory organs because of all the following except:
1. Each plant part takes care of its own gas exchange needs
2. Plants do not present great demands for gas exchange.
3. Gas diffusion in plants occurs easily over long distances in plants
4. Each living cell in a plant is located quite close to the surface of plant
Sucrose is converted into glucose and fructose by the enzyme:
The maximum concentration of alcohol in beverages that are naturally fermented is:
1. 5 - 10%
2. 10 - 15%
3. 20 - 25%
4. 45 - 50%
The co-factor required for the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase is:
In Kreb's cycle, a molecule of GTP is produced during the conversion of:
1. Citrate into Ketoglutarate
2. Succinyl-CoA into succinate
3. Succinate into malate
4. Malate into oxaloacetate
In the mitochondrial electron transport system the term Complex III refers to:
1. NADH dehydrogenase
2. Cytochrome c
4. Cytochrome bc1 complex
For each ATP produced, how many H pass through FO from the intermembrane space to the matrix down the electrochemical proton gradient?