# The average depth of the Indian Ocean is about $$3000$$ m. The fractional compression, $$\frac{\Delta V}{V},$$ of water at the bottom of the ocean is? (Given that the bulk modulus of water is $$2.2\times10^{9}$$ Nm-2 and $$g=10$$ ms-2) 1. $$1.36\times10^{-3}$$ 2. $$2.36\times10^{-3}$$ 3. $$1.36\times10^{-2}$$ 4. $$2.36\times10^{-2}$$

Subtopic:  Shear and bulk modulus |
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A square lead slab of side 50 cm and thickness 10 cm is subject to a shearing force (on its narrow face) of $9.0×{10}^{4}$ $\mathrm{N}$. The lower edge is riveted to the floor as shown in the figure below. How much will the upper edge be displaced? Shear $\mathrm{modulus}$ $\mathrm{of}$ $\mathrm{lead}$ $=$ $5.6×{10}^{9}$ $\mathrm{N}$

1.   0.16 mm

2.   1.8 mm

3.   18 mm

4.   16 mm

Subtopic:  Shear and bulk modulus |
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In a human pyramid in a circus, the entire weight of the balanced group is supported by the legs of a performer who is lying on his back (as shown in the figure below). The combined mass of all the persons performing the act, and the tables, plaques, etc. involved is $$280~\text{kg}$$. The mass of the performer lying on his back at the bottom of the pyramid is $$60~\text{kg}$$. Each thighbone (femur) of this performer has a length of $$50~\text{cm}$$ and an effective radius of $$2.0~\text{cm}$$. The amount by which each thighbone gets compressed under the extra load is: (The Young’s modulus for bone is given by, $$Y = 9.4\times 10^9~\text{N/m}^{2}$$)

1. $$4.55\times 10^{-5}~\text{cm}$$
2. $$5.45\times 10^{-3}~\text{cm}$$
3. $$5.45\times 10^{-5}~\text{cm}$$
4. $$4.55\times 10^{-3}~\text{cm}$$
Subtopic:  Stress - Strain |
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A copper wire of length 2.2 m and a steel wire of length 1.6 m, both of diameter 3.0 mm, are connected end to end. When stretched by a load, the net elongation is found to be 0.70 mm. The load applied is:

YC  = 1.1 × 1011 N m2 and YS = 2.0 × 1011 N m-2
1.

2.

3.

4.

Subtopic:  Hooke's Law |
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A structural steel rod has a radius of 10 mm and a length of 1.0 m. A 100 kN force stretches it along its length. The stress produced and the elongation in the rod, respectively, are?

(Young’s modulus of structural steel is )

1.

2.

3.

4.

Subtopic:  Hooke's Law |
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