A string with a mass 2.50 kg is under a tension of 200 N. The length of the stretched string is 20.0 m. If the transverse jerk is struck at one end of the string, how long does it take for the disturbance to reach the other end?
1. 0.5 s
2. 0.6 s
3. 0.4 s
4. 0.1 s

Subtopic:  Travelling Wave on String |
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A stone dropped from the top of a tower of height 300 m splashes into the water of a pond near the base of the tower. When is the splash heard at the top given that the speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec? (Take g=9.8 m/s2)

(1) 7.7 s

(2) 8.7 s

(3) 6.7 s

(4) 7.8 s

Subtopic:  Speed of Sound |
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A steel wire has a length of 12.0 m and a mass of 2.10 kg. What should be the tension in the wire so that the speed of a transverse wave on the wire equals the speed of sound in dry air at 20°C (which is  343 m/sec)?

1. 4.3×103 N

2. 3.2×104 N

3. 2.06×104 N

4. 1.2×104 N 

Subtopic:  Travelling Wave on String |
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The speed of sound in air is:

(1) dependent on pressure.

(2) decreases with temperature.

(3) independent of temperature.

(4) increases with humidity.

Subtopic:  Speed of Sound |
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A bat emits an ultrasonic sound of frequency 1000 kHz in the air. If the sound meets a water surface, what is the wavelength of the reflected sound?  (The speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec and in water is 1486 m/sec)

1. 3.4×10-4 m2. 1.49×10-3 m3. 2.34×10-2 m4. 1.73×10-3 m

Subtopic:  Speed of Sound |
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A bat emits an ultrasonic sound of frequency 1000 kHz in the air. If the sound meets a water surface, what is the wavelength of the refracted sound?

(Speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec and in water 1486 m/sec.)

(1) 3.4×10-4 m(2) 1.4×10-3 m(3) 2.5×10-4 m(4) 1.8×10-3 m

Subtopic:  Speed of Sound |
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A hospital uses an ultrasonic scanner to locate tumors in a tissue. What is the wavelength of sound in the tissue in which the speed of sound is 1.7 km/s? The operating frequency of the scanner is 4.2 MHz.

1 3.0×10-4 m2 4.0×10-4 m3 3.5×10-4 m4 2.0×10-4 m

Subtopic:  Speed of Sound |
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A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by \(y(x,t) = 3.0 sin ( 36t + 0.018x + {\pi \over 4})\) where x and are in cm and in sec. The positive direction of is from left to right.

What is the shortest distance between two successive crests in the wave?

1. 1.3 m

2. 3.0 m

3. 2.5 m

4. 3.5 m

Subtopic:  Wave Motion |
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For the travelling harmonic wave, \(y(x,t) = 2.0\ cos\ 2\pi (10t - 0.0080x + 0.35 )\) where x and y are in cm and t is in seconds. The phase difference between the oscillatory motion of two points separated by a distance of 4 m will be:
1. \(0.8\pi\ rad\)

2. \(\pi\ rad\)
3. \(6.4\pi\ rad\)
4. 
\(4\pi\ rad\)

Subtopic:  Wave Motion |
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 The transverse displacement of a string (clamped at both ends) is given by

y(x,t)=0.06sin2π3xcos120πt 

where and are in m and in sec. The length of the string is 1.5 m and its mass is 3×10-2 kg. The tension in the string is:

1 540 N2 648 N3 200 N4 425 N

Subtopic:  Travelling Wave on String |
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