The potential energy U of a system is given by $\mathrm{U}=\mathrm{A}-{\mathrm{Bx}}^{2}$ (where x is the position of its particle and A, B are constants). The magnitude of the force acting on the particle is:

1. Constant

2. Proportional to x

3. Proportional to ${\mathrm{x}}^{2}$

4. Proportional to $\left(\frac{1}{\mathrm{x}}\right)$

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The potential energy of a particle varies with distance r as shown in the graph. The force acting on the particle is equal to zero at:

1. P

2. S

3. Both Q and R

4. Both P and S

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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A particle is moving such that the potential energy U varies with position in metres as U = ($4{\mathrm{x}}^{2}$ - 2x + 50) J. The particle will be in equilibrium at:

1. x = 25 cm

2. x = 2.5 cm

3. x = 25 m

4. x = 2.5 m

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The potential energy of a particle in a force field is U=$\frac{A}{{r}^{2}}-\frac{B}{r}$ where A and B are positive constants and r is the distance of the particle from the center of the field. For stable equilibrium, the distance of the particle is:

1. B/A

2. B/2A

3. 2A/B

4. A/B

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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Potential energy (U) related to coordinates is given by U = 3(x + y). Work done by the conservative force when the particle is going from (0, 0), (2, 3) is:

1. 15 J

2. -15 J

3. 12 J

4. 10 J

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The potential energy of a particle of mass m varies as the magnitude of the $U=a{x}^{2}+by.$ The magnitude of the acceleration of the particle at (0, 3) is: (symbols have their usual meaning)

1. $\sqrt{\frac{\mathrm{b}}{\mathrm{m}}}$

2. $\sqrt{\frac{3\mathrm{b}}{\mathrm{m}}}$

3. $\frac{\mathrm{b}}{\mathrm{m}}$

4. Zero

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The figure shows the potential energy function U(x) for a system in which a particle is in a one-dimensional motion. What is the direction of the force when the particle is in region AB? (symbols have their usual meanings)

1. The positive direction of x

2. The negative direction of X

3. Force is zero, so direction not defined

4. The negative direction of y

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The potential energy of a particle of mass 1 kg free to move along the X-axis is given by $\mathrm{U}\left(\mathrm{x}\right)=\left(3{\mathrm{x}}^{2}-4\mathrm{x}+\hspace{0.17em}6\right)\mathrm{J}$. The force acting on the particle at x = 0 will be:

1. 2$\hat{\mathrm{i}}$ N

2. -4$\hat{\mathrm{i}}$ N

3. 5$\hat{\mathrm{i}}$ N

4. 4$\hat{\mathrm{i}}$ N

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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A particle of mass '*m'* is moving in a horizontal circle of radius '*r'* under a centripetal force equal to –*K*/*r*^{2}, where *K* is a constant. The total energy of the particle will be:

1. $\frac{K}{2r}$

2. $-\frac{K}{2r}$

3. $-\frac{K}{r}$

4. $\frac{K}{r}$

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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The given diagram represents the potential energy curve of a particle in a field. The particle will be in equilibrium at which position(s):

1. B and D

2. A and C

3. A, B, and C

4. A, B, C, and D

Subtopic: Potential Energy: Relation with Force |

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